Reefs under threat
Australia / Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP)

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Background

The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is managed by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The park lies east of the mainland coast of Queensland, Australia starting in the north at Cape York. Its northern boundary is the circle of latitude 10°41'S (running east up to the eastern edge of the Great Barrier Reef at 145º19'33"E), thereby encompassing a few uninhabited Torres Strait Islands that are east of Cape York, south of 10°41'S and north of 11°00'S.

The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is a multiple-use area. Tourism, recreation, port operations, shipping and commercial fishing have been features of the Marine Park since it was created in 1975.

Key Links

http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au

Slideshare





RSS

Great Barrier Reef - Google News
GBRMPA - Google News

Planeta.com

http://planeta.com/1605worldheritage



Headlines

http://www.abc.net.au/triplej/programs/hack/how-the-great-barrier-reef-can-be-doomed-and-not-in-danger/8685532
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jun/26/great-barrier-reef-valued-at-56bn-as-report-warns-its-too-big-to-fail
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-06-26/great-barrier-reef-valued-56b-deloitte/864993
https://www2.deloitte.com/au/en/pages/economics/articles/great-barrier-reef.html
https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/au/Documents/Economics/deloitte-au-economics-great-barrier-reef-230617.pdf
https://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/resources/a3ef2e3f-37fc-4c6f-ab1b-3b54ffc3f449/files/gbr-economic-contribution.pdf (2013)
catastrophic-coral-bleaching-great-barrier-reef-map
great-barrier-reef-tourism-caught-between-commerce-and-conservation-alarm
Scientists: Warming water 'cooking' Great Barrier Reef
back-to-back-bleaching-has-now-hit-two-thirds-of-the-great-barrier-reef
climate-council-says-gbr-bleaching-will-cost-$1-billion-annual
Coral Grief - Nature.com
Great Barrier Reef tourism headed for tough times as coral bleaching worsens
http://earthsky.org/earth/great-barrier-reef-bleaching-dying-nature
australian-officials-attend-unprecedented-unesco-reef-meeting
Coral Grief - Nature.com
Great Barrier Reef tourism headed for tough times as coral bleaching worsens
http://earthsky.org/earth/great-barrier-reef-bleaching-dying-nature
australian-officials-attend-unprecedented-unesco-reef-meeting
Can tourism protect the Great Barrier Reef?
'Significant event': Coral bleaching returns to the Great Barrier Reef
Great Barrier Reef Braces for Another Massive Bleaching Event

Nature
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v543/n7645/index.html
http://www.nature.com/uidfinder/10.1038/nature21707
http://www.nature.com/news/no-time-to-chop-funding-for-a-pivotal-climate-programme-1.21625

The cover shows bleached corals on the northern Great Barrier Reef in 2016. Work by Terry Hughes and colleagues has revealed that the cumulative footprint of multiple bleaching events has expanded to encompass virtually all of the Great Barrier Reef in the past two decades. The bleaching event in 2016 was the most severe, affecting 91% of individual reefs. Hughes and his team used aerial and underwater survey data combined with satellite-derived measurements of sea-surface temperature to assess changes in the geographical footprint of recurrent mass bleaching events. Their results reveal just how badly climate change is affecting the Great Barrier Reef, and they argue that immediate global action is needed to secure a future for coral reefs. Cover image: Edward Roberts, Tethys Images

Denial

http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2017/03/20/delingpole-great-barrier-reef-still-not-dying-whatever-washington-post-says

Reports

Climate Change: A Deadly Threat To Coral Reefs



2016 Headlines
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/oceania/australia/articles/coral-bleaching-could-cost-australian-tourist-industry-616-million-annually
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-12-05/great-barrier-reef-in-danger-listing/8093548
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/nov/07/great-barrier-reef-authority-a-shell-of-its-former-self-says-queensland-minister
http://www.theage.com.au/interactive/2016/saving-the-reef
http://www.ecotravelist.com/destinations/australia-the-south-pacific/review-reefsleep-great-barrier-reef -
https://twitter.com/ecotravelist/status/790738421341761536
https://www.buzzfeed.com/aliceworkman/bleaching-dory
http://www.environment.gov.au/marine/gbr/long-term-sustainability-plan
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/sep/20/leonardo-dicaprio-given-rival-invitations-to-visit-great-barrier-reef
http://www.travelandleisure.com/hotels-resorts/the-great-barrier-reef-in-australia
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/aug/02/un-tries-to-hide-involvement-in-deleting-australia-from-its-climate-report
http://www.climatechangenews.com/2016/08/01/un-asked-australia-to-cover-up-great-barrier-reef-lobbying
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/rearvision/history-and-future-of-protecting-great-barrier-reef/7649840
http://www.ecotourism.org.au/news/reef-surveys-show-signs-of-hope-and-tourism-can-help
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jun/30/un-committee-may-again-consider-listing-great-barrier-reef-as-in-danger
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/video/2016/jun/07/coral-bleaching-has-changed-the-great-barrier-reef-forever-video
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jun/07/the-great-barrier-reef-a-catastrophe-laid-bare
http://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-updates/tourists-say-they-will-avoid-australia-because-of-damage-to-the-great-barrier-reef/news-story/64e5a07f39b7cef0383f363fac5b7dd1
http://www.afr.com/news/politics/election-2016-malcolm-turnbull-to-spend-1b-on-the-great-barrier-reef-over-a-decade-20160612-gphfnz
http://www.news.com.au/technology/environment/climate-change/the-truth-australia-doesnt-want-to-hear-about-saving-the-great-barrier-reef/news-story/d636e9dc5a85bcf5d2f6e1278697ae5a
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-06-02/great-barrier-reef-pollution-fight-could-cost-billions/7469740
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/planet-oz/2016/may/30/australias-censorship-of-unesco-climate-report-is-like-a-shakespearean-tragedy
http://blog.ucsusa.org/adam-markham/australias-iconic-great-barrier-reef-world-heritage-site-at-risk-from-global-warming
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/may/27/revealed-the-report-on-the-great-barrier-reef-that-australia-didnt-want-the-world-to-see
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/may/27/great-barrier-reef-un-report-lead-author-shocked-all-australian-references-removed
http://www.smh.com.au/environment/australia-cut-from-un-report-on-climate-threat-to-avoid-damaging-reef-tourism-20160526-gp4zzo.html
Survey: two-thirds of Great Barrier Reef tourists want to ‘see it before it’s gone’
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-05-20/seaweed-tourism-could-improve-great-barrier-reef/7429110
Great Barrier Reef: tourism operators urge Australian government to tackle climate change - https://twitter.com/MikeySlezak - Outbounding
http://www.abc.net.au/mediawatch/transcripts/s4454406.htm
Mourning Loomis Reef - the heart of the Great Barrier Reef's coral bleaching disaster
Great Barrier Reef Island Soundscape - Marc Anderson - @wildambience



Bleaching

http://www.coralcoe.org.au/media-releases/only-7-of-the-great-barrier-reef-has-avoided-coral-bleaching - @CoralCoE


Summer temperatures in February-April 2016 have caused severe and widespread coral bleaching in Australia. On the east coast, this is the third mass bleaching event for the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) and 93% of reefs have been affected. Compared to earlier mass bleaching in 1998 and 2002, 2016 is much more severe, with 50-80% coral mortality recorded on many northern reefs. The geographic footprint of each of the three events has been different, with each one explained by where the hottest temperatures occurred. Based on aerial and underwater surveys of >1000 reefs in 2016 and 650 reefs in 1998 and 2002, we can now identify reefs that have bleached 0, 1, 2 or 3 times, and examine their attributes. Over time progressively fewer GBR reefs have escaped bleaching, and because of the severity of the most recent event, hundreds of reefs have bleached for the first time in 2016. For the Great Barrier Reef and elsewhere, we have already entered an era when the return time of mass bleaching caused by global warming is shorter than the recovery time of long-lived coral assemblages.
http://www.coralcoe.org.au/crs_event/public-lecture-the-2016-coral-bleaching-event-in-australia



In pictures: a close-up look at the Great Barrier Reef’s bleaching
Coral Bleaching Taskforce: more than 1,000 km of the Great Barrier Reef has bleached
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/apr/17/great-barrier-reef-worst-destruction
https://www.qtic.com.au/news/industry-receives-update-great-barrier-reef-marine-park-authority
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/ist/?next=/science-nature/coral-bleaching-great-barrier-reef-may-get-lot-worse-future-180958758
http://www.cairnspost.com.au/news/cairns/far-north-tour-operators-hit-back-about-dying-great-barrier-reef/news-story/c927f8e5dd405cedbf9d823f2c448edd?nk=9e1f0044fd5366059e8aafd73071c7ec-1459438463
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/climate/great-barrier-reef-a-political-hostage-to-global-activists/news-story/a894e29237771f3bf81cf6a59f392c6d
http://www.pechakucha.org/cities/townsville/presentations/reef-ecologic-great-reef-people-from-explorers-to-guardians
http://blog.queensland.com/2014/10/03/instameet-on-the-great-barrier-reef-gallery
https://www.themonthly.com.au/video/2015/september/21/1442794916/great-barrier-reef-what-s-story-iain-mccalman-and-robert-manne
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-09-23/household-vinegar-advances-fight-against-crown-thorns-starfish/6797776
Great Barrier Reef resorts ride tourism boom
Great Barrier Reef report reveals inshore marine environment remains poor
A Multi-Faceted Natural Asset Trust for the Great Barrier Reef
Great Barrier grief Is Australia doing enough to protect one of the world’s great wonders?
Great Barrier Reef: World Heritage Committee decides against declaring reef as 'in danger'
Queensland minister says green groups forced radical shift on Great Barrier Reef
Its-time-for-the-new-great-barrier-reef-expert-panel-to-wade-into-the-issue
the-barrier-reef-is-not-listed-as-in-danger-but-the-threats-remain-42548
http://www.2gb.com/audioplayer/108146
http://www.smh.com.au/environment/will-the-great-barrier-reef-be-declared-endangered-by-the-united-nations
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/property/billion-aquis-great-barrier-reef-resort-wins-federal-approval
Judgement Day - Economist
Minister: More work to be done to save the Great Barrier Reef
Dumping Abbot Point dredge spoil on land won’t save the reef
david-attenboroughs-great-barrier-reef-documentary-to-spark-surge-in-tourists
http://www.news.com.au/national/breaking-news/qld-govt-announces-new-dredge-plan/story-e6frfku9-1227258410610
Great Barrier Reef in dire straits without extra $500m and ban on dumping
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-03-06/government-lobbies-against-reef-declaration/6286002
Australia lobbying to stop Great Barrier Reef making 'in danger' list
Six ways Australia is selectively reporting to the UN on the Great Barrier Reef
deep_time_aboriginal_stories_tell_of_when_the_great_barrier_reef_was_dry_land
great-barrier-reef-faces-prospect-of-unesco-in-danger-listing-unless-government-delivers-improvements
have-mining-job-figures-been-inflated-to-justify-reef-destruction
six-things-queenslands-next-government-must-do-to-save-the-great-barrier-reef
Julie Bishop steps up lobbying to stop Great Barrier Reef being listed 'in danger' - @olliemilman
Great Barrier Reef threatened by Queensland plan to let miners take billions of litres of groundwater, says Marine Park Authority
Abbot Point coal development progresses, but banks back away from the project amid environmental concerns - @jstorycarter @RNBushTele
New committee members to advise on Reef tourism
Great Barrier Reef: 'a massive chemistry experiment gone wrong'
Protectors of Great Barrier Reef cut
Great Barrier Reef dredge approval was ‘suicide’ for reef authority
https://au.news.yahoo.com/a/25194596/reef-watchdog-upheaval-great-barrier-reef-marine-park-authority-insiders-say-budget-cuts-job-lay-offs-undermining-conservation-effort
Fact file: How healthy is the Great Barrier Reef?
Crown of Thorns is a symptom of reef decline: let’s address the cause - @ProfTerryHughes
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-09-02/real-chance-reef-dumping-application-could-be-scrapped-hunt/5712744
https://mcevansresearch.wordpress.com/2014/08/21/gina-vs-the-reef-a-plea-for-informed-debate-on-biodiversity-offsets - @megcevans
Great Barrier Reef: Senate inquiry calls for halt to sediment dumping @olliemilman
Abbot Point dredging debate needs to be reopened: experts
Consortium scraps plans to dump waste in Great Barrier Reef - @JoannaEHeath
Great Barrier Reef spared dredge spoil as Dawson MP George Christensen changes line - @tsv_bulletin
Criticism over Great Barrier Reef deals for Gina Rinehart's mining company - @olliemilman
Government scientists 'warned against dumping' in Great Barrier Reef park - @olliemilman
Great Barrier Reef will deteriorate further after decision to dump spoil from Abbot Point, former marine park official says
Cumulative impacts and the Great Barrier Reef Strategic Assessment - @AlanaMGrech
Reef condition is ‘poor’, and probably worse than healthcheck suggests - @ProfTerryHughes
The state of the Great Barrier Reef: experts respond
Environment minister Greg Hunt: Carmichael mine
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/aug/01/-sp-great-barrier-reef-and-coal-mine-could-kill-it
senate-inquiry-probes-great-barrier-reef
Great Barrier Reef impact from dredging could cost ‘as much as $1bn’
Great Barrier Reef dredging modelling for Abbot Point coal terminal 'flawed': Federal Government agency
Great Barrier Reef authority approved marina ‘despite serious concerns’
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/breakfast/alternative-to-dumping-dredge-spoil-scientist/5537684
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jun/18/un-expresses-alarm-about-proposed-dumping-in-great-barrier-reef
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-06-18/unseco-great-barrier-reef-decision/5529302
http://www.dredgingtoday.com/2014/06/17/greens-government-ignores-world-heritage-concern-australia
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jun/05/great-barrier-reef-authority-approves-dredge-spoil-dumping-from-hay-point
Deutsche Bank mag Korallen
Deutsche Bank rules out funding for controversial Abbot Point coal terminal
Galilee coal hit as Deutsche pulls Abbot point
Tourism industry group launches legal fight over dredge spoil dumping
The Great Barrier Reef: a battle with no end
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/02/greg-hunt-defends-government-over-great-barrier-reef-protection
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/may/01/unesco-wants-great-barrier-reef-on-danger-list-over-dredging-fears
http://www.nirs.org.au/blog/NEWS/article/33619/Greens-call-on-environment-minister-to-come-clean.html
http://www.bom.gov.au/announcements/media_releases/ho/20140312.shtml
Great Barrier Reef faced with irreversible damage
http://theconversation.com/lets-dump-great-barrier-reef-dredging-myths-authority-chief-22991
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-03-03/great-barrier-authority-against-dredge-spoil-dumping-documents/5293778
Green group fights sand dump permit near Australia's Barrier Reef
A reef already under stress - @joelwerner
Great Barrier Reef not in danger, says government report to United Nations
Australia: Tourism operators may sue Barrier Reef body over dumping approval
Great Barrier Reef decision is a U-turn to an inglorious past


https://www.climatecouncil.org.au/reefreport
https://www.climatecouncil.org.au/uploads/e3449c5187f7100528cc90c380993381.pdf
AUSTRALIA’S CORAL REEFS UNDER THREAT FROM CLIMATE CHANGE
@climatecouncil

Australia’s Coral Reefs under Threat from Climate Change by Lesley Hughes, Will Ste en and Martin Rice (Climate Council of Australia).
Published by the Climate Council of Australia Limited
ISBN: 978-0-9945973-0-4 (print) 978-0-9944926-9-2 (web)
© Climate Council of Australia Ltd 2016
This work is copyright the Climate Council of Australia Ltd. All material contained in this work is copyright the Climate Council of Australia Ltd except where a third party source is indicated.
Climate Council of Australia Ltd copyright material is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License. To view a copy of this license visit http://creativecommons.org.au
You are free to copy, communicate and adapt the Climate Council of Australia Ltd copyright material so long as you attribute the Climate Council of Australia Ltd and the authors in the following manner:

Permission to use third party copyright content in this publication can be sought from the relevant third party copyright owner/s.
The authors contain sole responsibility for the contents of this report. —
Image credit: Cover photo ‘Turtle at Heron Island’ by XL Catlin Seaview Survey.
This report is printed on 100% recycled paper.
AUSTRALIA’S CORAL REEFS UNDER THREAT FROM CLIMATE CHANGE @climatecouncil


Excerpts from
Deleted Great Barrier Reef text from UNESCO report on World Heritage Sites @AdamCMarkham
http://blog.ucsusa.org/adam-markham/australias-iconic-great-barrier-reef-world-heritage-site-at-risk-from-global-warming

The Great Barrier Reef is now one of the world’s most important coastal and marine tourism areas, but its future is at risk, and climate change is the primary long-term threat.

A World Heritage site since 1981, the Great Barrier Reef is one of the world’s most complex and diverse ecosystems, with at least 400 species of hard coral, 150 species of soft corals and sea fans, and more than 2,900 individual reefs and some of the most important seagrass meadows in the world. It teems with marine life of all sorts, including more than 1600 fish species, seabirds, seahorses, whales, dolphins, crocodiles, dugongs and endangered green turtles. The reef extends for 2,300km along the coast of Queensland in Northeast Australia and has evolved over a period of 15,000 years. The region is important for the indigenous heritage of First Australians who are Traditional Owners including Aboriginal and Torres Straits Islander people. Climate change threatens hunting and fishing as well as other traditional and cultural practices. Some sacred sites are also at risk for the more than 70 Traditional Owner groups for whom natural resources are inseparable from cultural identity.

Tourism is an important economic driver
Today, tourism (including touring, diving, beaches, sailing, fishing and cruising) is the most important economic sector in the GBR communities, contributing $5.2 billion dollars to the Australian economy in 2012 and supporting 64,000 jobs, or about 90% of the total economic activity in the region. Visitors spent nearly 43 million total nights in the GBR region in 2012, of which nearly 2 million nights were on the reef, mainly at Cairns and the Whitsunday Islands. Direct reef-related tourism alone contributes 4,800 jobs. Approximately 500 commercial boats operate bringing tourists out to dive and snorkel on the reef, and there can be negative impacts associated with this, including damage from fuel spills and walking and dropping anchors on fragile corals. Tourism infrastructure, along with other coastal developments, can cause habitat degradation and damaging pollution and sediment run-off. Australia is the world’s fourth largest coal producer and debate currently swirls around the risks embodied in plans to expand coal mining and coal shipping near the Great Barrier Reef.

Higher temperatures and ocean acidification threaten reefs

The biggest threat to the GBR today, and to its ecosystems services, biodiversity, heritage values and tourism economy, is climate change, including warming sea temperatures, accelerating rates of sea level rise, changing weather patterns and ocean acidification. Coral reefs worldwide are being directly impacted by warming waters and ocean acidification, and climate change is exacerbating other localized stresses. Ocean acidification is occurring because of increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. A significant portion of this CO2 is being absorbed by the oceans and the resulting increases in seawater acidity reduces the capacity of some marine life, such as corals, to build their calcium carbonate based skeletons. Significant drops in coral growth rate have been recorded in the last two decades for massive Porites corals on the Great Barrier Reef.



Worst ever coral bleaching

Other significant threats to the reef include coastal development, agricultural run-off pollution, port-based shipping activities, illegal fishing and outbreaks of the coral-eating crown-of-thorns starfish. Assailed by multiple threats, the status of the GBR has been assessed as being poor and deteriorating. Half of its coral cover has been lost over the last three decades. Unusually high sea temperatures have caused nine mass coral bleaching events on the GBR since 1979, and until this year, the worst had been in 1998 and 2002 (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority 2012, Steffen et al 2009, Hughes et al 2015). But higher water temperatures and a severe El Nino have been pushing corals into the danger zone all over the world in 2015-16, and the Great Barrier Reef is currently suffering the most severe bleaching episode ever recorded.
Coral bleaching occurs when higher than usual maximum temperatures disrupt the relationship between corals and the photosynthetic zooxanthelae algae that live in their tissues in a vital and mutually beneficial biological relationship. Bleaching can kill corals, but depending on the severity of the impact and local factors they can also recover. The same is true for coral damage from storms, but damaged or bleached corals and reefs need time to recover. All indications are that bleaching events will become more frequent and tropical storms more intense with continued global warming, and that this combined with a continued trend in warming water and ocean acidification will be massively detrimental to the GBR. The current bleaching episode has affected more than 90% of the reef, with the worst damage being in the northern region where surveys have confirmed 50% mortality in some places.
Without global efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions coupled with local management responses to increase resilience, current projections suggest that coral cover could decline to 5-10% of the GBR by the early 2020s from 28% in 1985—a potential loss of 80% in just 40 years. Similar fears are associated with one of the other keystone ecosystems of the GBR, seagrass meadows representing 20% of the world’s 72 seagrass species. These shallow-water habitats provide vital nursery areas for fish and shrimps, critical food resources for turtles and dugongs, and act as carbon sinks, sequestering organic carbon in marine sediments. The combination of agricultural runoff, fishery impacts and climate change may exceed seagrass beds’ natural abilityto adapt. Sea turtles too are at risk from climate change as high temperatures and sea level rise impact their breeding and nesting beaches.

A need for action

Spurred by the direct evidence of climate change already impacting the GBR, degradation of the reefs and the likelihood of much worse to come, the Australian government has begun to plan and implement actions to reduce the risk of future damage. At the core of the adaptation strategy are efforts to build ecosystem resilience, fill gaps in scientific knowledge, and monitor environmental, social and economic impacts of climate change. Collaborative management strategies are also being developed and tested with local communities, Traditional Owners, as well as with business and industry. The GBR was also the first World Heritage property for which a comprehensive Tourism and Climate Change Action Strategy was developed. The strategy recognizes the vital importance that a healthy GBR ecosystem plays for the Australian economy and that the tourism industry must quickly come to grips with the problem. Recommended actions include reducing direct impacts and greenhouse gas emissions from tourism companies operating on or near the reef; increased training and awareness for guides and operators; helping to raise public understanding of the threat, and; supporting scientific research and monitoring activities. The plan also calls for the industry itself to plan adaptive responses for declining reef conditions and to contribute to risk management strategies for climate disasters.
Despite these measures, international concern has continued to grow, however, that without a comprehensive response more in keeping with the scale of the threat, the GBR’s extraordinary biodiversity and natural beauty may lose its World Heritage values. The World Conservation Outlook 2014 published by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) assessed the status of the World Heritage values of the GBR as of “high concern” and experiencing a deteriorating trend. The most recent strategy from the Australian government, the Reef 2050 Long-term Sustainability plan addressed this issue head on and has been designed to “ensure the Great Barrier Reef continues to improve on its Outstanding Universal Value every decade between now and 2050 to be a natural wonder for each successive generation to come”.


Report Card

http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/measuring-success/report-cards/2014

Expert Panel (2015)

http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/hunt/2015/mr20150627.html
the Federal Government is appointing an Independent Expert Panel to provide scientific advice on Reef priorities and actions.
The Panel will be chaired by Australia's Chief Scientist, Professor Ian Chubb, and will include leading Australian scientists from a variety of scientific disciplines.
The Panel will help provide critical advice on the implementation of our Reef 2050 Long Term Sustainability Plan and ensure we are using our resources to the best possible effect.
Reef 2050 is the most comprehensive plan ever developed to secure the health and resilience of the Great Barrier Reef for generations to come.
The Independent Expert Panel members include:
  • Prof. Ian Chubb (Chair)
  • Assoc. Prof. Eva Abal
  • Dr Andrew Ash
  • Dr Mike Bell
  • Dr Damien Burrows
  • Prof. Bill Dennison
  • Dr Geoff Garrett
  • Dr Stefan Hajkowicz
  • Prof. Ove Hoegh-Guldberg
  • Prof. Terry Hughes
  • Prof. Helene Marsh
  • Dr Russell Reichelt
  • Dr Britta Schaffelke
  • Dr Roger Shaw
  • Assoc. Prof. Stephan Schnierer
  • Prof. Natalie Stoeckl

2050 Long-Term Sustainability Plan

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/may/25/great-barrier-reef-2050-plan-no-longer-achievable-due-to-climate-change-experts-say -
https://twitter.com/MikeySlezak/status/867477590637854724
http://theconversation.com/government-unveils-2050-great-barrier-reef-plan-experts-react-39172
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/australiaandthepacific/australia/11487572/Australia-unveils-35-year-plan-to-save-Great-Barrier-Reef.html
Great Barrier Reef: Government to release Reef 2050 Long-Term Sustainability Plan
Greens call for public release of submissions for 35-year Great Barrier Reef plan
Scientific academy slams government's Great Barrier Reef plan
Academy of Science dismisses Great Barrier Reef protection plan
Government plan won’t save Great Barrier Reef: Academy - @Science_Academy
Australian Academy of Science response to 2050 Long-term Sustainability Plan (PDF) - @Science_Academy
Scientific body slams Government's reef restoration plan

2015 News

WOW! Great news - For the 1st time, Queensland has a MINISTER for the #GreatBarrierReef @StevenJMiles

Great Barrier Reef Foundation

http://www.barrierreef.org
http://www.themorningbulletin.com.au/news/reef-chief-rejects-conflicts-concern/2683454

The Great Barrier Reef Outlook Report 2014 @gbrmarinepark
Social Web

@gbrmarinepark
YouTube
Facebook
Google

Flickr

Great Barrier Reef

Twitter

@gbrmarinepark
@Parks_Australia
@ProfTerryHughes
@StevenJMiles
@fightforthereef
@TropWATER
@AlanaMGrech
@GChristensenMP
@larissawaters
@reefhqaquarium



Wikipedia

Great_Barrier_Reef_Marine_Park



World Parks Congress


Google+ Hangout
November 18 The Great Barrier Reef: What Works
This hangout will feature world-class marine scientists who will talk about their research and work on the Great Barrier Reef. Particularly, experts will discuss the 2004 rezoning of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park and its success (both expected and unexpected), 10 years in the making.

The IUCN World Parks Congress - Sydney, November 2014 is coming up and in support of our Ocean Parks and Marine Protected Areas we are hosting a series of Google Hangouts on Air surrounding ocean issues with participants live, on the ground in Sydney, Australia.

In 2004, highly-protected no-take areas on the Reef increased from five to 33 per cent of the area. In these areas fishing and other extractive activities are not allowed. This integrated zoning protects corals, fishes and a range of important habitats such as seagrasses beds, deep water sponge gardens and shoals. Guests of the hangout will take you through a fascinating journey involving DNA tracking, shark sizes, navigating politics and fish larvae voyages.

Guests Include:
Dr. David Wachenfeld, Director, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA)
Dr David Williamson, James Cook University (fisheries expert)
Professor Bette Willis, Personal Chair in Marine Biology, James Cook University (coral disease expert)
Professor Colin Simpfendorfer, James Cook University (shark expert)
Professor Terry Hughes FAA, Australian Laureate Fellow, James Cook University (coral reef expert)
Moderated by +Andrew Kornblatt of the +Online Ocean Symposium



Reports

A vulnerability assessment for the Great Barrier Reef: Dugongs
Great Barrier Reef Long-Term Sustainability Plan
September 2014 Senate Report (PDF)
2014 State Party Report on the state of conservation of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area
great-barrier-reef-outlook-report





The Social and Economic Long-Term Monitoring Program (SELTMP) for the Great Barrier Reef
http://eatlas.org.au/seltmp
http://csironewsblog.com/2014/11/17/latest-findings-about-the-faces-of-the-great-barrier-reef/

Senate Report

On 25 March 2014, the Senate referred the following matter to the Environment and Communications References Committee for inquiry and report.
The adequacy of the Australian and Queensland Governments’ efforts to stop the rapid decline of the Great Barrier Reef, including but not limited to:
  1. management of the impacts of industrialisation of the reef coastline, including dredging, offshore dumping, and industrial shipping, in particular, but not limited to, current and proposed development in the following regions or locations:
    1. Gladstone Harbour and Curtis Island,
    2. Abbot Point,
    3. Fitzroy Delta, and
    4. Cape Melville and Bathurst Bay;

  1. management of the impacts of agricultural runoff;
  2. management of non-agricultural activities within reef catchments impacting on the reef, including legacy mines, current mining activities and practices, residential and tourism developments, and industrial operations including Yabulu;
  3. ensuring the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority has the independence, resourcing and capacity to act in the best interest of the long-term health of the reef;
  4. the adequacy, timeliness and transparency of independent scientific work undertaken to support government decisions impacting the reef;
  5. whether government decision processes impacting the reef are consistent with the precautionary principle;
  6. whether the strategic assessments currently underway are likely to protect the reef from further decline;
  7. the identification and protection of off-limits areas on the reef coastline to help protect the health of the reef;
  8. consistency of efforts with the World Heritage Committee’s recommendations on what is required to protect the reef;
  9. the extent to which government decisions impacting the reef, including development of the strategic assessments and Reef 2050 Plan, involve genuine, open and transparent consultation with the Australian community, affected industries and relevant scientific experts, and genuine consideration of the broader community’s views in final decisions; and
  10. any other related matters.
Submissions should be received by 2 June 2014. The reporting date is 25 June 2014.

2014

June 15 - 25 World Heritage Committee in Doha, Qatar. Details
Decision on status of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef deferred until 2015 - UNESCO
Livestreaming: http://new.livestream.com/accounts/2255445/events/3100333



Elsewhere on the Web

Association of Marine Park Tour Operators (AMPTO)
http://www.coralcoe.org.au
http://fightforthereef.org.au - @fightforthereef
Whitsunday Chartered Boat Industry Association
Reef HQ Great Barrier Reef Aquarium - @reefhqaquarium
http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/visit-the-reef/choose-a-high-standard-operator/high-standard-tourism-operation
https://www.barrierreef.org

News from Queensland

https://www.qrc.org.au/01_cms/details.asp?ID=3444#.U37YzHZwSz8

Great Barrier Reef Ports and Shipping - Queensland Resources Council (QRC)

World Heritage

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/154
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/154/documents

Recommended Viewing

Battle for the Reef - The Great Barrier Reef battle from Four Corners. Testing claims the Reef is at risk, and should be on the "in danger" list.



Recommended Listening

Protecting the Great Barrier Reef - This year, the Great Barrier Reef has been hit by the most severe coral bleaching event on record, with climate change causing an increase in ocean temperatures. This has compounded existing strains on the reef with poor water quality, increasing industrial development, unsustainable fishing practices and other pressures causing a decline in corals and other marine animals.


Iain McCalman - How this vast coral country turned from a place of tragedy and horror, to a thing of wonder.

Rivers of red threaten the future of the reef (August 2015) - It's going to take the reinvention of 10,000 farms to improve water quality and repair the Great Barrier Reef, and there's new evidence that sediment from farms producing Australia's favourite fruit—bananas—is a growing part of the problem. The bold plan to fix the reef will cost billions but is already facing funding cuts.

The state of the Reef (August 2015) - Dive beneath the waves and explore gardens of coral on the Great Barrier Reef—can our efforts to protect it save it from climate change?

New report finds government response to Great Barrier Reef inadequate (April 2014) - The Federal Government recently unveiled its long term plan for the Great Barrier Reef, hoping to avert a United Nations declaration that the natural wonder is in danger.

Fishermen relieved reef dumping could be scrapped - North Queensland fishermen say they're relieved a plan to dump dredge waste in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park may not go ahead.

The spawning of reef conservation - One small public notice stating the intention to mine Ellison Reef was the seed from which the 'Save the Barrier Reef' campaign was spawned.

The Abbot Point gamble - On the doorstep of the Great Barrier Reef, Abbot Point is set to become one of the world's biggest coal ports. However the yet-to-be-developed coal mines it is being created to service look increasingly unviable. Jess Hill investigates the economic challenges and environmental risks surrounding the project.

Global financial campaign against Abbot Point gains momentum

Castaway - Stories of shipwreck, rescue and some extraordinary friendships that developed in the 19th century between European castaways and their Indigenous rescuers along the Great Barrier Reef.

https://soundcloud.com/612abcbrisbane/the-great-barrier-reef

Google Street Views

http://www.gizmodo.com.au/2014/05/using-google-street-view-to-study-the-great-barrier-reef


Australian Academy of Science response to the draft Reef 2050 Long-term Sustainability Plan @Science_Academy

Great Barrier Reef, Eddy Reef off Mission Beach


Misc

On January 1, 2010, Queensland's coral reefs will have a new level of protection. Farmers will have to follow more stringent regulations to reduce pesticide and nutrient run-off into waterways, which either directly or eventually feed into the Great Barrier Reef. The Queensland State Government wants to reduce water pollution levels by 50 percent to help coral survive. Sugarcane farmers and graziers between Mackay and Cape Tribulation have been targetted as part of these new regulations.
http://www.abc.net.au/rural/telegraph/content/2009/s2759677.htm

http://techcrunch.com/2012/09/25/google-maps-goes-diving-provides-seaview-of-great-barrier-reef-hawaii-and-philippines

http://worldparkscongress.org/participants/tour_great_barrier_reef.html

http://google-latlong.blogspot.mx/2012/09/dive-into-great-barrier-reef-with-first.html
The industrialisation of the Great Barrier Reef

FORUM ON THE GREAT BARRIER REEF

Can coral reefs survive the 21st century? The Great Barrier Reef and the other great coral reefs are the largest living structures on the planet and are amongst the world's most diverse ecosystems. However, scientists studying coral reefs say up to one-fifth of the world's reefs have already been destroyed.

http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Environment_and_Communications/Great_Barrier_Reef

Abell Point

http://abellpointmarina.com.au
http://www.expedia.com/Abell-Point-Marina-Hotels.0-l6141868-0.Travel-Guide-Filter-Hotels

Dredging
http://abellpointmarina.com.au/dredging-project-commences
http://www.dredgingtoday.com/2014/07/15/dredging-starts-at-abell-point-marina/dredging-starts-at-abell-point-marina


Great Keppel Island

Tower Holdings seeks partner for Great Keppel resort
Great Barrier Reef authority approved marina ‘despite serious concerns’
http://www.couriermail.com.au/news/queensland/great-keppel-island-in-for-600-million-makeover/story-e6freoof-1226589076482
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Keppel_Island

News

https://news.google.com/news/search?hl=en&q=GBRMPA

Misc
Marine tourism is a minimal impact industry committed to sustainable practices to ensure the future of the reef.

Aquarium style


World Heritage
The Great Barrier Reef was the first coral reef ecosystem in the world to receive World Heritage status and was also one of Australia's first such places, achieving this status at the same time as Kakadu National Park and the Willandra Lakes region.

Diversity
3,000 coral reefs
1,050 islands
More than 16,00 species of fish and 133 species of sharks and rays



Adani


Reef Facts



Background information (http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/hunt/2014/mr20141026.html)

The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park stretches approximately 2300 km along the coast of Queensland- this is about the same length as the west coast of North America from Vancouver to the US/Mexico border.
Covering 348,000 square kilometres, about the same size as Italy.
Today, the Great Barrier Reef is one of the world's best managed natural wonders. It attracts more than 1.9 million visitors each year, contributes more than $5.6 billion to the Australian economy and generates 69,000 jobs.
The extraordinary biological diversity within the Great Barrier Reef includes:
  • six of the world's seven species of marine turtle
  • the largest green turtle breeding area in the world
  • one of the world's most important dugong populations (about 14,000 dugong)
  • more than 43,000 square kilometres of seagrass meadows, including 23 per cent of the known global species diversity
  • some 3000 coral reefs built from more than 450 species of hard coral
  • more than one-third of all the world's soft coral and sea pen species (150 species)
  • 630 species of echinoderms, including 13 per cent of the known global species diversity
  • 2000 species of sponges representing 30 per cent of Australia's diversity in sponges
  • more than 3000 species of molluscs, including 2500 species of gastropods
  • a breeding area for humpback whales and some 30 other species of whales and dolphins
  • 14 breeding species of sea snakes, including 20 per cent of the known global species diversity.
There are about 70 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Traditional Owner clan groups that maintain heritage values for their land and sea country. Their connection with the Great Barrier Reef goes back tens of thousands of years when much of the region was above sea level and occupied by past generations of Traditional Owners.




Embedded Tweets
















Videos

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x5LshSZn5RA


Photos

Great Barrier Reef, Australia

Artwork

State Party Report on the state of conservation of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (Australia) - 2014










http://www.marineencounters.com.au
https://www.facebook.com/MarineEncounters




Great Barrier Reef Hangout

Time/Date to be confirmed. Preferably 4-6pm Las Vegas, 9-11am Townsville (what day / hour works best?)

Topic: Status Report and Future of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Site
This is a conversation about the current status and future of the Great Barrier Reef. Our hangout asks what visitors should know and how locals are engaged. We addresses the headline news of coral bleaching and other timely topics. Questions are welcome before and during the hangout.


#WildOz#COP13
Q: #Tourism v #Coalmines,:what should we know about the #GreatBarrierReef?
@COP13MX@ProfTerryHughes
https://twitter.com/ronmader/status/805221873587884032
https://twitter.com/ProfTerryHughes/status/805170607734128640


Buzzword Bingo

Biodiversity
Coral Bleaching
Ocean
Queensland
Reef
Townsville
https://www.dropbox.com/sh/e7ilc8if4mka68g/AAC3CqrKW7UKJGTkcdOgZfa?dl=0a



Images of the Reef
High resolution images and videos of the 2016 Great Barrier Reef coral bleaching aerial surveys are available for use: https://goo.gl/tqELGR. All photos and videos must be credited: ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, unless specified otherwise.
https://www.dropbox.com/sh/e7ilc8if4mka68g/AAC3CqrKW7UKJGTkcdOgZfa?dl=0