Climate Change Footprint
Climate Change Notes: A Global Review

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This is a working draft and information dump about climate change. Call for editors! Country profiles are listed in alphabetical order.

House Climate Solutions Caucus

The Climate Solutions Caucus is a bipartisan group in the US House of Representatives which will explore policy options that address the impacts, causes, and challenges of our changing climate. The caucus was founded in February of 2016 by two south-Florida representatives Rep. Carlos Curbelo (R-FL) and Rep. Ted Deutch (D-FL) who will serve as co-chairs of the caucus.

  • “The Caucus will serve as an organization to educate members on economically-viable options to reduce climate risk and protect our nation’s economy, security, infrastructure, agriculture, water supply and public safety,” according to documents filed with the Committee on House Administration.

A public list by Ron Mader

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IUCN Protected Areas Climate Change Specialist Group: Fostering effective responses to climate change in protected areas, natural solutions & #resilience. #WCPA

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The SUN Program helps travelism (#travel and #tourism) communities and stakeholders respond to the evolving #climatechange targets and #SDGs

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A podcast about the warming planet. Hosted by @EricHolthaus w/ @JacquelynGill & @Revkin. Produced by @ericcmack & @jessie_annb. We're all in this together.

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United Nations Climate Change Conference, Marrakech 7- 18 November 2016. Official Account.

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@CCNUCC vous informe des derniers développements des négociations internationales et relate les actualités liées aux changements climatiques en français.

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Conférence des Nations unies sur les changements climatiques à Paris, 30 novembre - 12 décembre 2015. Compte officiel.

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Building towards a sustainable future through action on climate. #PeoplesClimate

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An essential brief on the biggest issues of the 21st century. A project by @ICSUnews

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Official Twitter Account for Social PreCOP of Climate Change / Cuenta oficial de la PreCOP Social de Cambio Climático

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Providing Australians with a reliable source of information on climate science, headed by Chief Councillor Tim Flannery. Retweet does not mean endorsement.

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International Center for Climate Change and Development. Tackling #ClimateChange through research, capacity building and collaboration.

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A community campaign committed to just and decisive #ClimateAction and ensuring the #COP21commitment of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees is met #KeepYourPromise

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NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) preserve, monitor, assess, and provide access to the Nation’s environmental data and information.

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Professor of energy and climate change - interested in translating the science of climate change into carbon budgets, policy goals and mitigation options.

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Sitio para facilitar la información resultante del esfuerzo investigativo de profesionales vinculados a proyectos relacionados con el tema de cambio climático.

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Helping Cape Town take action to be climate smart, resilient and resource efficient. Working together to reduce carbon emissions and protect our environment.

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AdaptationWatch exists to increase transparency and accountability in climate change adaptation, and to promote wide participation in adaptation planning.

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Bending the GHG curve by 2020. Necessary, desirable and achievable

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Award-winning website dedicated to analysis and fact-checking of energy policy and climate change science, with a focus on the UK.

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Executive Secretary of the @UNFCCC Secretaria Ejecutiva de la Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre Cambio Climático @CMNUCC

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Scholar/activist addressing Indigenous climate/environmental justice #NoDAPL. Kyle is Potawatomi & holds the Timnick Chair in the Humanities @ Mich State

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Director/editor of @CarbonBrief. Served 16 years at the Guardian. Author of A Life Stripped Bare, The Final Call, Will Jellyfish Rule the World?...

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A monthly journal covering the science of climate change, its impacts and wider implications for the economy, society and policy. Tweets by Bronwyn

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Alerts you to changing agenda items during live broadcasts from UNFCCC conferences.

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We conduct research on public climate change knowledge, attitudes, policy support & behavior. Posted events are not endorsements.

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A journalistic collaboration dedicated to exploring the impact—human, environmental, economic, political—of a changing climate.

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Climate scientist | Professor at University of Reading | Likes spirals | Editor of @ClimateLabBook blog | Views own

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Senior Attorney at @CIEL_tweets | Research at @Arctic_Centre & @WTIworldtrade | Failed Urban Gardener

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IISD's Earth Negotiations Bulletin team at the UNFCCC climate change negotiations

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The go-to site for international climate change news. Follow our editors @climatemegan and @KarlMathiesen

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Climate impacts guy at UCSUSA. Conservation, birds, World Heritage, national parks, cultural resources, archaeology, IUCN WCPA, US/ICOMOS. I own my opinions.

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Director, @ICCCAD and Senior Fellow, @IIED. Work on adaptation to climate change. Views presented are my own.

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For ten years, Climate One has been changing the conversation on energy, economy, and environment. Listen to our podcast! RT≠Endorsement

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Daily low carbon economy news, facts, live events & #ClimateTV leader interviews. Follow #CWNYC#RE100 #EP100 #Under2Coalition and #StatesandRegions

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Official twitter account of the United Nations climate change secretariat. Also in French (@CCNUCC), Spanish (@CMNUCC) & German (@UNKlima). Instagram: @UNFCCC.

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climatologist, glaciologist contemplating Greenland ice, Arctic and global climate issues. Views here my own. :-)

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Sharing ideas, news and research on climate change and disaster risk management from the World Bank Group

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Sandbag campaigns for environmentally & economically effective climate policies. with a focus on the #EUETS and ESR, coal phase-out, and industrial CCS

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VP @ IISD, Co-Founder ENB, Non-profit fundraiser, moderator of CLIMATE-L and other lists, knowledge broker and bicycle rider

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The New York Times newsroom team covering climate & the environment. Tweets by @jswatz & team. Photo by @joshhaner. Get our newsletter:

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InsideClimate News is a Pulitzer-winning non-profit, non-partisan news organization that covers clean energy, carbon energy, nuclear energy and climate science.

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2015 Headlines

2014 Headlines -@BrendanMontague -



2013 Headlines

A Tale of Two Cities: America's Bipolar Climate Future
Outlook for Earth - Nature
Down under flights produce most ozone
Temporal and spatial variability in the aviation NOx-related O3 impact
Explaining Extreme Events of 2012 - PDF Report
Tiny Pulitzer-Winning Newsroom May Be the Future of Journalism - @insideclimate
Should we stop worrying about the environmental impact of flying?
Your Biggest Carbon Sin May Be Air Travel
Nicholas Stern: 'I got it wrong on climate change – it's far, far worse'
Obama's Climate Challenge - Rolling Stone
How tourism can cut emissions
The road to 2015: Where next for the international climate talks?
How can anything rival the threat of climate change?
Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX)
The environment. Do you practice what you preach? - Shannon Company
The many lines of evidence for global warming in a single graphic
Climate Graphics
Meat Eater's Guide to Climate Change and Health
Mary Robinson Foundation - Climate Justice (MRFCJ)
Climate Change and Sustainable Tourism: A Point/Counterpoint - Cynthia Ord
Climate change and the Top End

IPCC 2013 Report
IPCC report: Newspapers’ sober assessment of the science absent

Doha - November - December 2012

A New Latin American Climate Negotiating Group: The Greenest Shoots in the Doha Desert - @TimmonsRoberts


climate list

Embedded Tweets


Glossary of climate change acronyms

Climate Change Reporting -
Poles Apart - Reuters Institute
Are Climate Change Reporters an Endangered Species?

Climate Change and the Social Web

Global Cooling
Bonus: The Global Cooling Myth

Extreme Weather


Climate Change DataFinder (for iOS)
Access to data on environmental indicators, from access to electricity to CO2 emissions.

Recommended Listening

Responsibility in an age of climate change - Environmental philosopher David Wood offers his thoughts on why addressing climate change is of paramount importance and asks where does the responsibility for action lie? The first of three talks in the Thinking Out Loud lecture series

Lord John Krebs on Climate Change Adaptation - Lord John Krebs, of the UK Committee on Climate Change, speaks about what the UK and Europe are doing to prepare for, and respond to, climate change

Communicating climate change and food security - Studies show that the loss of biodiversity in the world’s food system is putting our whole food supply at risk. This situation, and others concerning climate change and its impact, seem to be falling on deaf ears. Journalist, strategist and educator, Simran Sethi discusses how to overcome this mental block.

The effect of climate change in Antarctica - David Neilson is a photographer from Emerald in Victoria. David has made six trips to Antarctica between 1990 and 2009 and in this program he talks about the effect of climate change in Antarctica.
Related: Living with Climate Change Symposium - Darwin 2011

Crowdsourcing the weather - Professor David Karoly and his colleagues have built a kind of super computer that relies on the computer power of thousands of volunteers around the world. Their mission is to help produce more accurate climate predictions.

Carbon tax woes - Economist Geoff Carmody favours a carbon tax over an emissions trading scheme but says choosing between the two is 'a tenth order issue'. Far more important is the choice between a consumption model and a production model.

Senator Christine Milne on the carbon tax - At the weekend the gas industry began a campaign to get itself exempted from the carbon tax on the basis that gas is cleaner than coal. The second in a series of conversations about the proposed carbon tax.

Climate change adaptation - a regional and rural perspective
Communities in regional and rural Australia often get forgotten in discussions about climate change, but farmers and local government authorites are at the frontline of climate change adaptation.

Consuming Creation: a theology for climate change We're consuming creation and evangelical Christians want to us to rethink our theology of the planet. Climate change raises deep theological questions and a 're-tooled' theology will help us face the challenges ahead. At a recent conference at Melbourne's Ridley College, evangelical Christians gathered to hear theologian and environmental ethicist, Michael Northcott, propose a way ahead.

We'll leave it there: Jay Rosen on political journalism - Late Night Live - August 2011

Verification in Reverse (from Why Political Coverage is Broken)

The leading contender for the Republican nomination for president, Rick Perry, is emerging as a climate change denialist. We might call this “verification in reverse.” Verification, which is crucial to journalism, means nailing down assertions with verifiable facts. Verification in reverse is taking established facts and manufacturing doubt about them, which creates political friction, and the friction then becomes an energy source you can tap for campaigning. It’s a political technique. (Hmmm.)

Radiowave 350


world climate group on flickr
climate seminar



Climate change Tip Sheet: What you can do.

- Australian Psychological Society (Hope, despair and transformation: Climate change and the promotion of mental health and wellbeing )

• Be optimistic about the future
• Remind yourself there is a lot you can personally do
• Change your own behavior
• Become informed about problems and solutions
• Do things in easy stages
• Identify things that might get in the way of doing things differently
• Cue yourself
• Look after yourself!
• Invite others to change
• Talk with others about environmental problems
• Present clear but not overwhelming information, and offer solutions
• Talk about changes that you are making in your own life
• Share your difficulties and rewards
• Be assertive, not aggressive
• Congratulate people for being environmentally concerned
• Model the behaviors that you want others to do

Although environmental threats are real and can be frightening, remaining in a state of heightened distress is not helpful for ourselves or for others. We generally cope better, and are more effective at making changes, when we are calm and rational.

Hoja de punta: el cambio climático: ¿Qué se puede hacer?

- Australian Psychological Society (Esperanza, la desesperación y la transformación: El cambio climático y la promoción de la salud mental y el bienestar)

• Sé optimista sobre el futuro
• Recuerdate que hay mucho que puedes hacer personalmente
• Cambia tu propio comportamiento
• Informate acerca de los problemas y las soluciones
• Haz las cosas en etapas fáciles
• Identifica las cosas que puedan estorbar para hacer las cosas de manera diferente
• Apuntate
• Cuídate a ti mismo!
• Invita a otros a que cambian
• Habla con otros acerca de los problemas ambientales
• Presenta informacíon clara, pero no abrumadora, y ofrece soluciones
• Habla de los cambios que estás haciendo en tu propia vida
• Comparte tus dificultades y recompensas
• Muestra tu firmeza y no tu agresividad
• Felicita a las personas por estar preocupados por el medioambiente
• Pon el ejemplo de los comportamientos que quieres que los demás hagan

Aunque las amenazas al medio ambiente son reales y pueden ser aterradoras, que permanecen en un estado de mayor angustia no es útil para nosotros mismos o para otros. Por lo general, hacer frente mejor, y son más eficaces en la realización de cambios, cuando estamos en calma y racional.

#COP17 Wordle 12.2011 (horizontal)


I am not arguing that scientists should not fly at all, but perhaps a good starting point would be to reduce air miles by 50%. This can be achieved in different ways: reducing the number of meetings attended, virtual conferences, using alternative modes of transport such as trains, and co-ordinating trips. Some scientific communities already have entirely virtual conferences. And to achieve behavioural change, it is paramount that communities of scientists act, not only individuals.
- Jens Rolff, It's time scientists set an example by reducing their carbon footprint

The worst of the carbon-offset programs resemble the Catholic Church’s sale of indulgences back before the Reformation. Instead of reducing their carbon footprints, people take private jets and stretch limos, and then think they can buy an indulgence to forgive their sins.
- Denis Hayes, the president of the Bullitt Foundation, an environmental grant-making group, quoted in the New York Times

There are two kinds of persuasion: hypocritical persuasion and persuasive persuasion
- George Monbiot, London's policy should be to take the lead by cutting emissions at home

The emissions from Henry Ford's first Model T are still up there in the atmosphere.
- Peter Singer, Climate change as an ethical issue

Difficulty is no excuse for complacency. Unease is no excuse for inaction. And we must not allow the perfect to become the enemy of progress. Each of us must do what we can when we can to grow our economies without endangering our planet – and we must all do it together. We must seize the opportunity to make Copenhagen a significant step forward in the global fight against climate change.
- U.S. President Barack Obama

The key is to talk about opportunities that arise when a business-minded person understands the direction of the future ahead of his or her competitors.
- David King

Is there a Xhosa word for Climate Change?
- Opening to Day #2 of Inspiring Change Gathering, cited by Future Cape Town

The United Nations climate change conference, to be held in Copenhagen this December, should provide the climax to two years of international negotiations over a new global treaty aimed at addressing the causes and consequences of greenhouse-gas emissions.
- Nicholas Stern, Our Low Climate Future

Al Gore was right: This truth is just too inconvenient. Responding to climate change with the vigor that the threat deserves would not, contrary to legend, be devastating for the economy as a whole. But it would shuffle the economic deck, hurting some powerful vested interests even as it created new economic opportunities. And the industries of the past have armies of lobbyists in place right now; the industries of the future don’t.
- Paul Krugman, Cassandras of Climate

We are calling for a cap that would not require people to fly less than today, but would constrain aviation emissions growth going forward.
- David Kennedy, Climate Change Committee, cited in Planes 'to reset climate targets'

Reducing our emissions 90% by 2050 is going to require some massive changes, sure. But we’ve got time on our side. Technology is moving faster than ever—and it will move even faster with some decent political carrots, sticks and, well, any kind of leadership at all would be nice.
- Annabel Mcaleer, Good

A recent scientific report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warns that a 2-degree Celsius warming of our atmosphere has a 90% chance of undoing the conditions on Earth that allowed and supported the development of human civilization. Scientists from Oxford University, using this report, calculate that we can avoid this potentially catastrophic 2-degree warming if we limit our emissions between 2000 and 2050 to 1 trillion metric tons of carbon. They note that we've already burned 25% of that limit since 2000.
- Todd Darling, Global warming bill still contains some smoke and mirrors

Tourism and Climate Change

I'd be selling out my carbon credits to someone else so that they can produce more. I'd rather not have $80/hectare per year.
- Judi Stack, Bush Telegraph (March 13, 2009)

For nature-based tourism, visitors are now seeking experiences and destinations that are actively reducing their impacts on climate change and the size of their carbon footprint. Nature-based tourism, in particular, can and must play a significant role in addressing climate change.
- Victoria's Nature-Based Tourism Strategy

Climate change is not a problem to be faced by nations according to their degree of development. It is a task that requires the translation of words into deeds that are to be substantiated by concrete proposals that are based on the principles of common but differentiated responsibilities.
- Mexican President Felipe Calderón, cited in The News

We cannot afford to relegate climate change to the international pending tray because of our current economic difficulties. We must use the imperative of building a low carbon economy as a route to creating jobs and growth, the path that will see us through the current downturn.
- British Prime Minister

We are going to prove that climate change action and economic prosperity are not contradictions, but mutually dependent.
- German Environment Minister Sigmar Gabriel

The burden is on scientists to better explain in clear English the dynamics of the climate system, and how to affect it.
- Bryan Walsh, The Public's Dangerous Misunderstanding of Climate Change

Emerging economies will only be persuaded to take part in the transition to a low-carbon economy if we begin the discussion by recognising their new position in the world.
- Elliot Morely, Low-carbon economy is not a luxury

Think globally, act locally, respond personally.
- Popular expression

The challenge is to begin to envisage and build social and economic relationships that are based on sustainable and just patterns of growth and consumption.
- Hope, despair and transformation: Climate change and the promotion of mental health and wellbeing

All these forms of blocking lead to a society accepting inaction or insufficient action as a solution to the problem. The alternative – to imagine and plan for a great transformation of our society in a way that is consistent with safe climate future – may be unsettling and challenging. It will require us to change the way we live and how we understand the relationship between our actions and out future on this fragile planet. But it is the only practical option.
- Spratt and Sutton, quoted in Hope, despair and transformation: Climate change and the promotion of mental health and wellbeing

NASA's James Hansen and Al Gore — say carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere should be stabilised at 350 parts per million. We are now at 385 ppm, so this means not just a zero-emissions economy, but sucking down existing carbon. Right now the world is struggling to agree on 450 ppm.
Melissa Fyfe, Our planet is in peril




Elsewhere on the Web

The Weather Makers
Carbon News
Climate Change - Climate Economics - EPA
Lieberman, Warner Welcome EPA Findings that Climate Bill Gains Strong Results, Manageable Costs
Climate Change - The Independent
Driving Green Aviation
Driving Green Aviation - Harold Goodwin
Best Airline Ad Ever! - Tim Leffel
Carbon claims and the Trade Practices Act - Australian Competition and Consumer Commission
National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)
climate action network australia
The Climate Group
Climate Progress
Committee on Climate Change
Small sacrifice can save the planet - Sydney Morning Herald (audio)
Cambio Climático - Wikipedia
Climate Change - Guardian
Minister bows to calls on climate change bill - Guardian
Green routes to growth - Guardian
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Heat - PBS
Hope, despair and transformation: Climate change and the promotion of mental health and wellbeing - Jessica Fritze, Grant Blashki, Susie Burke and John Wiseman (PDF)
Ecological interactions and climate change - Ronda Green (PDF)
Report: Climate Change: Impact on Agriculture and Costs of Adaptation
Responding to Climate Change through Rituals and Spirituality

Latin America (America Latina)
Intercambio Climático


REDD+ (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation)
Compromise is Hard: The Problems and Promise of REDD+

Climate Group

The Climate Group is an independent, not-for-profit organization working internationally with government and business leaders to advance smart policies and technologies to cut global emissions and accelerate a clean industrial revolution. Its global coalition of companies, states, regions and cities around the world recognize the economic and environmental imperatives of taking decisive action now.

Climate Name Change

Media Coverage


Mexico (PDF)

The Global Cities Covenant on Climate, “the Mexico City Pact” consists of two parts: the first mentions considerations as to why cities are strategic in combating global warming: the second establishes a set of voluntary commitments to promote strategies and actions aimed at mitigating GHG emissions and adapting cities to the impacts of climate change.To establish and follow up on cities’ commitments, the signatories will establish their climate actions in carbonn Cities Climate Registry (CCCR) powered by Bonn Center for Local Climate Action and Reporting (carbonn).
Mexico welcomes the delegates of the States Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol, observers, international officials, media representatives and participants from organized civil society. As the host country, Mexico will hold a plural and inclusive conference and will spare no effort in facilitating the building of understandings among States Parties to ensure that COP16/CMP6 deliver concrete and effective results for tackling the global challenge of climate change. Mexico will encourage the widest participation and dialogue among the various actors involved in the conference as well as the search for common solutions.

Cambio Climático (México)
Impactos sociales del cambio climático en México

Ana Rosa Moreno
Javier Urbina Soria

El objetivo de este documento es informar de forma resumida lo que hoy en día está pasando con el clima y la posible evolución de éste en las décadas por venir; así como las causas de estos cambios, sus posibles impactos, la necesidad de identificar y aplicar medidas de adaptación para reducir la vulnerabilidad de los sistemas naturales y humanos, y las opciones de mitigación para disminuir la concentración de gases de efecto invernadero en la atmósfera.
Impactos sociales del cambio climático en México

Mexico has proposed a financing plan that fits neatly between the demands of receiving countries and those most likely to give. It calls for all but the poorest countries to contribute to a Green Fund according to its population, gross national product and its current and past carbon emissions. Developing countries could withdraw from the fund according to their requirements to adapt to climate change.

Estrategia Nacional de Cambio Climático - SEMARNAT

Realizada por la Comisión Intersecretarial de Cambio Climático y presentada públicamente por el Presidente de la República el viernes 25 de mayo 2007. Este documento constituye la plataforma para la elaboración del Programa Especial de Cambio Climático 2008 – 2012.

"To spur global collective action, Mexico's environment secretary, Juan Rafael Elvira, announced his country's plan to cut 2002 greenhouse gas emission levels by 50 percent by 2050. Still, he said Mexico's goal of using solar power, wind and other clean technologies could only be reached with financial and technological help from wealthier nations. The Mexican plan includes establishing a cap-and-trade system that would set emissions limits on certain sectors, such as cement, electricity and oil refining, which account for the vast majority of its emissions. Companies that reduce their emissions below those limits could sell their unused allowances on the international carbon market. The move makes Mexico the only developing country to set a voluntary national target below current levels, said Antonio Hill, senior policy adviser for Oxfam. South Korea has said it would announce an emissions cap next year, and South Africa has a detailed plan to peak emissions in 2025."

Mexico aims to have one quarter of its total energy provided by renewable energy sources by 2012. Mexico plans to expand wind power, and Calderón said Germany´s Q-Cells was considering building a solar cell factory in Mexico with investment of up to $3 billion.



UN Conference on Climate Change:


COP15 - - was outstanding political theater. We should be very impressed that the world is attempting such a challenge. 2010 will be about follow-up and making aspirational goals practical.

Climate Justice and Tourism


Durban COP17

Chief Gripes

Stories about climate concern waning ... this is a non-story. Journalists ought to be using this week to get schooled instead reporting about apathy which only generates more apathy.


Climate Code Foundation wants to make all climate computer code open-source.


Tourism and Climate Change

Merchants of Doubt
Merchants of Doubt. Naomi Oreskes
Ross Garnaut on the costs and benefits of climate change mitigation - The Monthly

Ross Garnaut presents key findings of the Garnaut Climate Change Review (commissioned by the Commonwealth, State and Territory governments), which examines the impacts, challenges and opportunities of climate change for Australia.

Climate Change Justice

Chicago Law professor David Weisbach makes the provocative argument that the only way to get an effective treaty on climate is to exclude measures designed to redistribute wealth or right historical wrongs.


Recommended Reading

we are the weather makers
we are the weather makers is the second edition of flannery's book
Tourism and Climate Change Book
Tourism and Climate Change is a comprehensive overview which analyzes new studies reviewing the impact of tourism on climate change and the the impact of climate change on tourism.


Many climate change mitigation and adaption measures offer real opportunities to help meet biodiversity goals, including restoration of native forest for carbon sequestration or replanting of mangrove forest for coastal protection. But there is also the possibility that measures to reduce the climate-related risks will have detrimental effects on biodiversity. An example is the use of non-native species or chemical fertilisers to facilitate revegetation. (pp. 301-302)

The world's airlines improved their fuel efficiency considerably by around 50-70% between 1950 and 1997 and they reached an average energy use of 4.81 of kerosene per 100 passenger kilometers in 1998. Given the major improvements in the past, it is becoming increasingly difficult to achieve efficiency gains. (p. 181)

Without tourists there is no tourism. In this sense tourists are the main agents in the tourism system. Tourists exert substantial influence through their purchasing behaviour ... Ecolabels are one means to guide consumers in making their decisions, although their is little evidence to date that tourists recognize tourism ecolabels and base their decisions on such labels. (p. 13)

Increasing attention is given to voluntary schemes for offsetting emissions from airline travel, but note that is still unclear whether such schemes can make a significant contribution to enhancing the sustainability of tourism. Current voluntary emissions reductions need to be increased dramatically to become relevant. Importantly, such schemes do nothing to reduce aviation emissions directly. In fact, they may encourage people to believe that there is no need to change their behavior, thus creating irreversibility in currently unsustainable consumption and production patterns. The schemes also give limited incentive to airlines to increase their fuel efficiency. (p. 303)


In December 2009 world leaders met in Copenhagen to negotiate a new treaty to cut greenhouse emissions. An agreement is needed for optimal outcomes.

The event may not yield a new global climate treaty with every minor detail in place. Yvo de Boer, executive secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), calls for answers to four questions:

1. How much are the industrialized countries willing to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases?

2. How much are major developing countries such as China and India willing to do to limit the growth of their emissions?

3. How is the help needed by developing countries to engage in reducing their emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change going to be financed?

4. How is that money going to be managed?

Question - How will leaders engage or not engage the public before, during and after the Copenhagen meeting? Will the meeting be another 19th century model of people reading at one another or will it connect with new constituencies using the Social Web and grassroots meetings held around the world parallel to the global dialogue?

United Nations

World Bank

Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must Be Avoided - Executive Summary
The executive summary of the report, also available in
, French
, and

(all pdfs), provides a quick snapshot of the latest climate science prepared by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) and Climate Analytics.
World Development Report 2010: Development and Climate Change

Join the conversation on development in a changing climate on our blog, which features both World Bank experts and guests...
Advance version of World Development Report 2010 now online
World Bank Report Slams 'Inertia' in the Face of Climate Change - New York Times

According to the report, the global climate problem can be solved, achieving a “climate smart” world, if developed countries are willing to invest $100-$700 billion.

The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and the World Bank held a launch event for the World Development Report in London yesterday - full details, including video of this event (with Marianne Fay, Kirk Hamilton, Prof. Lord Anthony Giddens and Simon Maxwell) are now online:
Event Report:

ODI has also published a blog by researcher Neil Bird, in which he outlines seven issues to consider. Read it at

A Climate of Suffering: The Real Costs of Living with Inaction on Climate Change
Climate changing our mental well being
Combet's carbon case for Cancun
Greg Combet's speech: Australia in a climate changed world - Moving forward to Cancun and beyond

The Science of Climate Change
The Science of Climate Change
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
Published by the Australian Academy of Science; ISBN 085847 286 4. Please cite “The Science of Climate Change: Questions and Answers”, Australian Academy ...

The Garnaut Climate Change Review
The Garnaut Climate Change Review has been commissioned by Australia's Commonwealth, state and territory governments to examine the impacts, challenges and opportunities of climate change for Australia. A Draft Report was released on 4 July 2008. The Supplementary Draft Report Targets and trajectories was released on 5 September 2008. The Final Report was released on 30 September 2008.

Media Release: Garnaut Climate Change Review Final Report - 30 September 2008 (PDF, 344kb)

Listen to an audio recording of Professor Garnaut's Final Report address and press conference (MP3, 27.9MB)

The Garnaut Climate Change Review has been commissioned by Australia's Commonwealth, state and territory governments to examine the impacts, challenges and opportunities of climate change for Australia. A Draft Report was released on 4 July 2008. The Supplementary Draft Report Targets and trajectories was released on 5 September 2008. The Final Report was released on 30 September 2008.

Media Release: Garnaut Climate Change Review Final Report - 30 September 2008 (PDF, 344kb)

Listen to an audio recording of Professor Garnaut's Final Report address and press conference (MP3, 27.9MB)

A report by the Australian Conservation Foundation lists 10 natural wonders that are under serious threat from climate change. They include the Kakadu Wetlands, the Murray-Darling Basin, the Australian Alps and the Great Barrier Reef. ACF has called for substantially greater resources to be allocated to protecting and conserving fragile ecosystems and species and for Governments to take a more coordinated and proactive approach to environmental protection.

Scientists are forecasting more catastrophic bushfires to come as the climate warms.

The Emissions Trading Scheme is a means to an end - reducing emissions - not an end in itself. If there are worries about the carbon price, other options should be explored.

In the 1959 Gregory Peck classic, On the Beach, humanity's last holdouts in the aftermath of a global nuclear war huddle in Australia and wait for the inevitable atomic wind to carry the rest of the species away. When it comes to today's real-world climate crisis, though, Australia is going first, not last. Australia appears to be experiencing the effects of climate change earlier and more dramatically than most of the other inhabited parts of the globe. Even as the tropical north is deluged by flooding and warmer ocean currents are spawning more powerful cyclones, the parched south and interior have turned into baking dead zones. The results: vast brush fires, killer heatwaves, increased tropical diseases, ruined crops, loss of livestock, severe water shortages and quickening species extinction.
- Los Angeles Times editorial

For more information please see The Impact of Climate Change on Australia Tourism Destinations – Project Information and the Carbon Footprint of Australian Tourism.

Greening the Arts
Thinkpieces for a zero carbon future and a survey of sustainable arts practices
This document is a mapping of some of the activity and aspirations of the culture sector, with international as well as Australian perspectives, as we respond to the condition and impact of climate change across the globe.
For a downloadable pdf of the Greening the Arts click here

Brisbane Resources

For a downloadble pdf of the Biographies of Participants in Brisbane
click here
Notes from the FREE OPEN SPACE event can be downloaded as a zip file here
Notes from the TIPPINGPOINT event can be downloaded as a zip file here

Sydney Resources

For a downloadble pdf of the Biographies of Participants in Sydney
click here and here
Notes from the FREE OPEN SPACE event can be downloaded as a zip file here
Notes from the TIPPINGPOINT event can be downloaded as a zip file here

Melbourne Resources

For a downloadble pdf of the Biographies of Participants in Melbourne click here and here
Photos from the Melbourne TippingPoint can be found on flickr
Notes from the Melbourne Conversations – Art and Climate Change – FREE OPEN SPACE event can be downloaded as a zip file here
Notes from the TIPPINGPOINT event can be downloaded as a zip file here

Audio Recordings
An audio recording of Saffron O'Neill from the Melbourne Conversations – Art and Climate Change – FREE OPEN SPACE event can be heard as an MP3 (6.5MB) here
An audio recording of Marcus Westbury from the Melbourne Conversations – Art and Climate Change – FREE OPEN SPACE event can be heard as an mp3 (3.6 MB) here


April 20-22, 2010 Cochabamba

New Zealand

carbon emissions
Carbon emissions from visitors' air travel to New Zealand equal total emissions from the country's coal, gas and oil-fired power generation, say University of Otago scientists.

Research: University of Otago

Presentation made at the National Energy Research Institute Conference in Auckland, 2007

The study has led to a few news stories:

That research has now been accepted as a peer-reviewed paper, Carbon Emission Offsets for Aviation-Generated Emissions due to International Travel to and from New Zealand, to be published in the journal Energy Policy.

New Zealand's 2020 Emissions Target
The New Zealand Government is working actively to secure an effective global agreement to limit greenhouse gas emissions. In August, as part of the United Nations climate change negotiations, the Government will state its policy on a 2020 emissions target policy and is inviting public input. The brochure sets out the challenges New Zealand faces in setting an emissions target and profiles New Zealand's current and projected emissions.


Celebration of Climate Day in the Remote Mountains of Pakistan

United States

Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States - Home

Quick Links

The report summarizes the science and the impacts of climate change on the United States, now and in the future. It focuses on climate change impacts in different regions of the U.S. and on various aspects of society and the economy such as energy, water, agriculture, and health. It’s also a report written in plain language, with the goal of better informing public and private decision making at all levels.

In addition to discussing the impacts of climate change in the U.S., the report also highlights the choices we face in response to human-induced climate change. It is clear that impacts in the United States are already occurring and are projected to increase in the future, particularly if the concentration of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere continues to rise. So, choices about how we manage greenhouse gas emissions will have far-reaching consequences for climate change impacts. Similarly, there are choices to be made about adaptation strategies that can help to reduce or avoid some of the undesirable impacts of climate change. This report provides many of the scientific underpinnings for effective decisions to be made – at the national and at the regional level.

President Barack Obama has said he wants to make the United States a leader on climate change and reengage with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the parent treaty of the Kyoto accord. He said he plans to introduce emissions caps to the United States and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent by 2050.

On June 26, 2009 the U.S. House of Representatives passed the American Clean Energy and Security legislation that binds the U.S. to cutting carbon emissions by 17% from 2005 levels in 2020 and 83% in 2050.

In November Mexican Nobel Prize-winning chemist Mario J. Molina was named to President-elect Barack Obama's transition team where he is likely to shape initial policies that would help mitigate the impacts of global warming.

California has developed more technical expertise in controlling planet-heating emissions than any U.S. state in the two years since it passed a law requiring its emissions to fall by about 15% in the next 12 years.,0,4199014.story

The 2008 national scientific assessment integrates, evaluates, and interprets the findings of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) and draws from and synthesizes findings from previous assessments of the science, including CCSP Synthesis and Assessment Products and reports by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). This report addresses the requirements for assessment in the Global Change Research Act of 1990. See also Fact Sheet [pdf].

The Economic Effects of Legislation to Reduce Greenhouse-Gas Emissions

CBO released a report that summarizes its analyses of the economic effects of proposed policy changes aimed at reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. The report, “The Economic Effects of Legislation to Reduce Greenhouse-Gas Emissions,” says that reductions would probably involve some combination of three broad changes:
• Transforming the U.S. economy from one that runs on carbon-dioxide-emitting fossil fuels to one that increasingly relies on nuclear and renewable fuels;
• Accomplishing substantial improvements in energy efficiency; and
• Implementing the large-scale capture and storage of carbon dioxide emissions.
An earlier CBO analysis [PDF] of the House clean energy bill found it would cost the average American household about as much as a postage stamp per day.

USA / National



In 2008 Brazil presented a plan to slash Amazon deforestation in half over 10 years and thereby avoid the release of 4.8 billion tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.



Aerial View of Switzerland’s Fast-Decreasing Glaciers


Klima 2009 / Climate 2009


Facing the Challenges of Climate Change
Fáilte Ireland has developed a strategy document entitled Facing the Challenges of Climate Change - Fáilte Ireland’s Carbon Strategy Document which identifies 7 key actions which will be taken to address the issues of climate change. These actions are as follows:

1) Assess the impact of climate change on the tourism industry
2) Assess the impact on tourism of any measures proposed to tackle climate change
3) Contribute to the Government’s Change campaign
4) Measure and reduce the carbon footprint of the tourism industry
5) Communicate the challenges to the industry and raise awareness
6) Offer our visitors a low - emissions choice
7) Manage Fáilte Ireland’s own emissions

Full details on how Fáilte Ireland intends to develop and implement these actions can be downloaded from our strategy document Facing the Challenges of Climate Change- Fáilte Ireland’s Carbon Strategy Document.



Q+A: How will Japan's new govt tackle climate change?

Japan's new PM unveils bold greenhouse plan
Japan's new prime minister, Yukio Hatoyama, has pledged to target a 25 percent cut in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels by 2020, despite opposition from industry, which says the goal will hurt the economy. It's believed the Government in Tokyo will introduce an environment tax within four years and is also planning to launch a domestic emissions trading market with compulsory volume caps on emitters starting in 2011.


Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation - Sweden

Carbon Trading – How it works and why it fails - Carbon trading lies at the centre of global climate policy and is projected to become one of the world’s largest commodities markets, yet it has a disastrous track record since its adoption as part of the Kyoto Protocol. Carbon Trading: how it works and why it fails outlines the limitations of an approach to tackling climate change which redefines the problem to fit the assumptions of neoliberal economics. It demonstrates that the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, the world’s largest carbon market, has consistently failed to ´cap´ emissions, while the UN’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) routinely favours environmentally ineffective and socially unjust projects.


Taking Action
2008 Tourism Educators Conference

Link BC

Although the Harper government has proposed to cut domestic emissions by three per cent below 1990 levels by 2020, Environment Minister Jim Prentice said that Canada was willing to take actions "comparable with those of other developed countries."


Sustainable Options: "This raises the question of what would happen in poorer countries of Africa (and elsewhere) which rely on tourism for much-needed international revenue and regard tourism as important part of their development strategy, if tourists would stop coming due to changes in air travel regulations."

South Africa

South Africa is heavily reliant on coal for its electricity. The country has a goal of its greenhouse emissions peaking by between 2020 and 2025 and starting to fall by 2035. It plans to introduce a carbon tax, and has a policy of not approving new coal-fired power stations unless they can capture the carbon dioxide emissions.


September 2009 - China has for the first time promised to make cuts to carbon emissions. At the UN's one-day Climate Summit in New York, Chinese president Hu Jintao stopped short of any target, saying China would reduce emissions by 'a notable margin by 2020, from 2005 levels.'

The Beijing High-Level Conference on Climate Change: Technology Development and Technology Transfer will be held November 7-8 to discuss current development of environmentally sound technologies. The white paper suggests that developed countries should spend at least 0.7 percent of their gross domestic product (GDP) on helping developing nations address climate change.

United Kingdom

October 2010 - Royal Society: Climate Change- a summary of the science

October 2008 - Ed Miliband, the climate change secretary, is close to reaching an agreement on toughening England's legally binding climate change targets which increases the UK legal target to cut the greenhouse gas emissions target from 60% to 80% by 2050. The UK would be the first country in the world to commit to legally binding cuts in its greenhouse gas emissions. Originally, the target did not include emissions from international aviation and shipping. Green campaigners said the omission made the target meaningless - like agreeing to go on a diet but not including chocolate cake - and threatened to oppose the Bill until the law was strengthened.

If the legislation becomes law, the UK will have the world's toughest legally binding targets for achieving a low carbon economy and could provide the road map to a low carbon future. As is, this is a sketch on a napkin that needs to be worked out. Across the pond my attention focuses on the aviation emissions and the break-through this legislation offers in terms of taking the responsibility from individual travelers and incorporating the stats as a whole into an integrated policy. Kudos. This is a step in the right direction. Now we just need to see how the UK articulates the policy for locals and visitors.

Natural England's Character Area Climate Change project aims to identify the local responses required to safeguard our natural environment and our enjoyment of it. We looked at four specific Character Areas in England that represent contrasting habitats and landscapes that are likely to be affected by climate change.
The four Character Areas are:

The associated regional pages can be found by following these links: Cumbria High Fells, Shropshire Hills, Dorset Downs and Cranborne Chase, the Broads

An overall summary of the project is available here.

Building a low-carbon economy
The CCC’s Inaugural report Building a low-carbon economy - the UK's contribution to tackling climate change was published on 1st December 2008.


The Scottish Government is expected to publish its Climate Change Bill. Ministers have already said the bill will introduce a target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80 per cent by 2050, including emissions from international aviation and shipping.


Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka’s annual carbon emission level of 1.6 tonnes per person was safely below the global upper limit of 2.1 tonnes per person. With Sri Lankan’s in all sectors becoming increasingly aware of carbon emission and the importance of preventive methods; Tourism’s vision for a Carbon Clean Sri Lanka by 2018 by an intensive carbon offsetting programme is taking greater momentum, details can be viewed on www.earthlung.trave

Aviation and Climate Change

Goodbye fuel world by Mark Rowe

Air travel is responsible for 700 million tonnes - around three per cent - of global carbon emissions every year. But if the growth of aviation continues, this could rise to three billion tonnes by 2050. Now, despite being perceived as resistant to environmental change, aircraft manufacturers and airlines have come together in an unprecedented act of co-operation in the search to survive in a world after kerosene. Read Mark Rowe's aviation article

Remarks of Giovanni Bisignani at Aviation and the Environment Summit

Environment - global warming - is at the top of the world’s political agenda. Environmental responsibility is a core promise of air transportation alongside safety and security. According to the Nobel Prize-winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), aviation contributes 2% of manmade CO2 - about 700 million tonnes annually.
Air transport is popular. Some 2.2 billion people flew last year and our aircraft carried over 40 million tonnes of cargo - 35% of the value of goods traded internationally. We are essential economic infrastructure for both the developed and the developing world, connecting people to business and goods to markets.

Our Approach

The industry is growing at 5-6% a year. Our responsible approach to the environment limited the growth in our carbon footprint to just half of that: 3%. The challenge is to keep the enormous economic benefits of air transport and eliminate the environmental impacts. So, despite our good track record, we must do more. That is why IATA developed a four pillar strategy to address climate change
  • Investing in new technology
  • Flying aircraft effectively
  • Building and operating efficient infrastructure
  • And using positive economic measures
We also needed targets to measure progress, 10% alternative fuels by 2017 and more importantly a 25% improvement in fuel efficiency by 2020 compared to 2005.


The important question is what have we accomplished? The answer is a lot. In 2007 alone, IATA’s efforts saved over 10 million tonnes of CO2; 3.8 million tonnes by optimising 395 routes

and 6.7 million tonnes from our Green Teams working with airlines to spread best practices. We took our track record, our strategy and our targets to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Assembly in September. All 179 States attending the Assembly endorsed the strategy and the target. This included an agreement to work towards a global solution for an emissions trading scheme. Unfortunately, the commitments of the Assembly did not translate into actions by governments.

Europe and Emissions Trading

This is particularly true with respect to emissions trading. Let me be absolutely clear on two points.

  • First, the question of CO2 is a question of fuel, if we burn less fuel we emit less CO2. Fuel is 30% of an airline’s operating cost and the total bill for 2008 is estimated at US$156 billion. No other industry has such an enormous incentive to be more fuel-efficient.
  • Second: IATA is not opposed to emissions trading provided that it is fair, global and effective.
And the only place to achieve that is at ICAO. Europe has been the strongest in pushing emissions trading. They should take credit for getting environment onto the global agenda. But at this stage, Europe’s unilateral approach will only lead to legal battles and trade wars. Not the global solution that we need or to a real reduction in aviation’s emissions.

Last week I went to see Commissioner Dimas in Brussels and delivered a reality check. We all want a global solution on emissions trading but the answer will not be the world adopting Europe’s system. Success will only come through the ICAO process as it did with safety. All European states are ICAO members. It is their responsibility to push and to ensure ICAO’s success.
Commissioner Dimas agreed with our position and I appreciate his openness. I believe that we made some real progress and the Commissioner is ready to work with IATA and ICAO on a global solution that we can all agree to. I also reminded Commissioner Dimas and Vice President Barrot that economic measures are only part of the solution. If Europe is championing environmental issues it needs to clean up its own back yard.
“Embarrassing” is the most polite word that I can find for Europe’s failure to implement a Single European Sky that could deliver 12 million tonnes of CO2 savings. We have had nearly 20 years of talks and no results. Finally, now we are starting to see some change. By 2012 we expect to have functional airspace blocks based on technical capabilities, not political boundaries. But Europe’s national governments do not understand the urgency of implementing a Single European Sky. We cannot be expected to purchase allowances for fuel we do not want to burn.
We don’t need to wait for technology, we just need strong political will. The same kind of political will and vision that Delors and Kohl had when they created the Euro. Where can this leadership come from? The next President of the European Union has an environmental vision and the speed and passion to make it a reality. We must encourage President Sarkozy to take leadership to tear down Europe’s borders in the air and build a real Single European Sky by 2012.

Agenda for Governments

Governments everywhere have an enormous role to play in environment. But they must move beyond politics and economic measures and become engaged in delivering real solutions.

  • 1. Research and development
    Technology is critical. It helped us improve fuel efficiency by 70% over the last 40 years and it will drive future improvements on everything from alternative fuels to new materials and radical airframe designs. Governments must cooperate to support and fund basic research so that the private sector can do its job competing to apply it effectively.
  • 2. Improving air space
    The IPCC estimates a potential 12% efficiency gain from improvement in how we use air space.
    That’s over 70 million tonnes of potential savings. A Single European Sky is the most obvious
    but we see potential savings in all regions, sorting out the Pearl River Delta in Hong Kong or implementing next generation technologies in the US and also Russia, China, India, Africa, Latin America… It’s a long list.

Aiming High

In the meantime, our industry is aiming even higher. Incremental change is important but the industry needed a more powerful vision to focus our efforts. At the last IATA AGM in Vancouver, I am sure that I shocked many of you when I announced a vision for air transport to achieve carbon neutral growth on the way to a carbon-free future.

Our goal is zero emissions. And to indicate a time frame, the challenge that I laid out was to develop carbon-emission-free technology in 50 years. I did not have all of the answers on how to achieve this but our history of turning dreams into reality tells us that this must be possible. In 50 years we moved from the Wright brothers to the jet age. Today, we are an industry that safely transports 2.2 billion people every year.

Our spirit of innovation continues today. We thought that running a jet on bio-fuel was a 5-year project but we achieved it in less than a year using both an Airbus and a Boeing aircraft. The same can be true for other potential building blocks like hydrogen cells or solar power. Of course airlines cannot do it alone. Shortly after the AGM, I met with all the manufacturers here in Geneva. The spirit of cooperation was fantastic. We agreed to work together as partners and as a result we have made quick progress in evaluating a technology roadmap to carbon neutral growth that is now in its final stage of development.


As we move forward, effective communications by all industry partners is essential. The programme has united the industry with common messages. Aligned with these efforts, IATA is helping our members communicate with their customers with some effective tools.

Over 40 airlines have used IATA’s print ads and environment video on board and we are working with our member airlines and airports to roll out environmental stands at major airports across Europe. We are also developing a common IATA carbon offset scheme in partnership with a respected NGO that all our members can use. If you are not already involved in these please talk to the IATA team over the next days.

Finally, to give life to our vision, IATA teamed up with a famous modern-day explorer, Dr. Bertrand Piccard, who shares our vision for carbon-free flight. In three years, Dr. Piccard’s Solar Impulse project will fly around the world - day and night - using only Solar Power. Solar power alone will not be the answer to the environment question but the innovation and pioneering spirit of Solar Impulse is exactly what will drive us forward.


The final element is working together. Our great record on safety is the result of 60 years of industry partnership between airlines, governments, manufacturers, airports and air traffic control. The progress that we have made since the last Summit is proof that this approach works for the environment.

More links

World Wide Views on Global Warming
Worldwide Views on Global Warming - Australian event


A new report says greenhouse gas emissions and other indicators are closing in on the upper limits forecast by the United Nation's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change two years ago. The University of Copenhagen released the Synthesis Report which draws on 1,600 scientific contributions to a global climate summit held in Copenhagen earlier this year.

Climate Change and Forests

Deforestation causes one fifth of the world's emissions.


How are universities taking action on climate change? We'd like to create an index of seminars and research programs and the practical measures taken to reduce university carbon emissions.




Climate Change - UNDP

East Anglia

After Climategate - Counterpoint - ABC Radio National (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) - James Delingpole is known around the world as a climate sceptic. Indeed this outspoken blogger and author helped break the Climategate scandal in 2009.
East Anglia Confirmed Emails from the Climate Research Unit - Searchable
Hundreds of emails between scientists at the University of East Anglia's Climate Research Unit have been published. What interests me most about the East Anglia case is how it reflects science and universities in general. And when George Monbiot says you've got to go, what weight does that carry?

Emails from East AngliaSaturday, 5 Dec 2009 | Science Show

listen //- 05122009//|download //- 20091205_1205//

David Holland versus the British Met Office

Recent Events
Nov 2-6 - Klima 2009 / Climate 2009 (online)
The aims of the conference are

  • to introduce the latest findings on scientific research on climate change, including elements related to its environmental, social, economic and policy aspects;
  • to introduce projects and other initiatives being undertaken in both industrialised and developing countries by universities and scientific institutions, government bodies, NGOs and other stakeholders;
  • to discuss the problems, barriers, challenges and chances and potentials related to the social, economic and political aspects of climate change worldwide.

Program Side Event "Climate Justice and Tourism " COP 15 Copenhagen December 2009
Download (pdf1285.pdf, 56 KB)

Elsewhere on the Web

Climate change: what you can do - Australian Psychological Society
A Shift in the Debate Over Global Warming - New York Times
Keys to climate protection - Scientific American
Melting Away - New Zealand Listener
Ecotourism, climate change, peak oil and flying - Ecoafrica
Ecotourism and flying - Ecoafrica
Climate Change - International Rivers Network
Air travel and global warming - Edward Hasbrouck
Been there, done that, got the offset - Ottawa Citizen
Climate Camp on Newsnight - YouTube
Greening Air Travel - WorldChanging
Carbon Output Must Near Zero To Avert Danger, New Studies Say - Washington Post
Does distance matter? - Independent
Changing climate haunting tourism - IHT
National Ecotourism Policy Responding to Climate Change
Dunedin Environment Centre Trust
Climate Change and Australian Tourism (PDF)
The economic effects of climate change - New Zealand Institute (PDF)
Estrategia Nacional de Cambio Climático - SEMARNAT (PDF)

Indigenous People

International Public Forum on Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change: The Tropical Australian Experience
Climate change and indigenous peoples
Bridging divides at climate change symposium - Indian Country Today


Carbon Offsets: Paying off Unsustainable Life Styles or Investing in Sustainability - Michael Kaye
Carbon Offsets are a Joke - Tim Leffel
The Truth About Carbon Offsetting - Travel and Leisure
Cheat Neutral
Cheat Neutral - YouTube
Can you be traveling green by buying offsets? - USA Today
Climate Change and Tourism: Assessment and Coping Strategies
Carbon Conundrum - Don George

paleoclimatology = Study of changes in climate taken on the scale of the entire history of Earth.


Report: Climate Change: Impact on Agriculture and Costs of Adaptation

Climate Justice
Lively discussion on „Climate Justice in Tourism“ in Copenhagen

Climate Week

Climate Week is an exciting new UK-focused event in March


Tourism and Climate Change: Spotlight on Cancun
Cancun Cop16
Cancún climate change talks: Richard Branson calls for global carbon taxes

Wordle: climate change notes

Bottom line is that without immediate action and assistance, climate change presents a tremendous threat. With a two degree temperature increase, there is a projected $125 Billion+ annual cost to the world economy. (Caribsave)

Tourism depends on the natural environment and climate changes are making a substantial impact. Likewise, travel contributes to carbon emissions that alter the global environment. The relationships among tourism, climate change, sustainability, biodiversity and economic development are just beginning to be explored.

Global warming will increase average sea surface temperatures, sea levels and ocean acidity as well as change rainfall patterns and even ocean circulation.

Lack of relevant information about the impact of climate change that engages the public

Lack of meaningful collaboration among institutions

Technical documents on climate change are not accessible

The $ trail is not transparent

Plan of Action
Focus attention on our legacy to the next generation.

Tell stories - preferably engaging multiple senses - of how climate change affects locals.

Engage multiple generations

Document sustainable practices in communities

Encourage use of renewable energy

Provide opportunities for visitors to share photos that show the impact of climate change (such as before and after pictures)

Encourage positive actions such as mangrove planting tours

Protected areas should be used as natural elements in climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies.

Policy Actions

Require institutions to work in a collaborative fashion to work toward shared goals.

Insist institutions be more transparent in showing where the $ goes

COP 17

cop17 in durban

COP 16

Tourism and Climate Change: Spotlight on Cancun

COP 16 - the international summit on climate change - takes place in Cancún, Mexico November 29 - December 10. This will be an excellent case study and a good indicator of where the global dialogue stands. Look for details on this page and on the Mexico News Wiki.

Recent Events

November 18-20, Inspiring Change Gathering, CTICC
Comments welcome on Ron's blog
Hashtag: #IChangeCT

Nov 28 - Dec 4 London Conference on Climate Change, Flood and Economic Development

The Climate Change and Economy Group Conference is for people with an interest in, and concern for, scientific, policy and strategic perspectives in climate change. It will address a range of critically important themes relating to the vexing question of climate change, Flood and Economy. Plenary speakers will include some of the world’s leading thinkers in the fields of climatology and environmental science, as well as numerous paper, workshop and colloquium presentations by researchers and practitioners. We are inviting proposals for paper presentations, workshops/interactive sessions, posters/exhibits, or colloquies. Virtual participation is available for those who are unable to attend the conference in person. Conveners: Climate Change and Economy Group: 44, Welbeck Street, West Central, London, W1G 8DY. Phone: +44 (702) 408-1095, Fax: 07024096357. Please email: for more information.


Global warming is climbing to the top of the World Bank’s list of priorities because of the health and economic ramifications that will be felt by developing countries. The Global Monitoring Report warns that most countries will fall short on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a set of eight globally agreed development goals with a due date of 2015. The report also stresses the link between environment and development and calls for urgent action on climate change. To build on hard-won gains, developing countries need support to address the links between growth, development and environmental sustainability.

Elsewhere on the Web

Goodbye Florida - example of visualthinking on display in Copenhagen. People watch an illuminated so-called CO2 cube that sits in the water of St Jorgens Lake in front of Tycho Brahe Planetarium in Copenhagen on December 7, 2009. The cube visually shows the amount of carbon dioxide produced by an average person in one month.

Tourism Development in a Changing Climate
Backgrounds and Perspectives on the Role of Tourism in International Climate Politics
Tourism Development in a Changing Climate

On the occasion of the climate conference COP 15 in Copenhagen, respect and partners illustrate backgrounds and perspectives on the role of tourism in international climate politics. The publication shows that the interrelations between climate change and international development present major challenges to the tourism sector.

Climate change and behavioural change: what will it take?

Climate change is on and off the political agenda in Australia. Whether an emissions trading system or a carbon tax win the day, one big barrier stands in the way of change: human nature. How we think about the problem can trump what we actually do -- right down to shorter showers and turning off the lights. Leading environmental psychologists are now taking on the climate change challenge.

The Water Cooler Conversation: climate change chaosSaturday, 5 Dec 2009 | Saturday Breakfast RN
Our regular water cooler discussion comes at the end of a week where 'our' rules of political engagement were re-written, the seemingly intractable problem of what to do (or not do) about climate change got even more complex, and many of us got even more confused, even anxious. [more]

A quick guide to the Copenhagen climate talksWednesday, 9 Dec 2009 | Radio National Breakfast

If you're a little confused about what this global conference is trying to achieve, here's a simple guide to what's on the table. [more]


One of the big questions to be explored is how to get the tourism industry on board in the promotion of low-carbon lifestyles and public awareness of climate change.

Recommended Viewing

Climate Policy


climate change tips
ecotourism and climate change
tourism and climate change

What's Possible

September Cumbre de los Pueblos
Cumbre de los Pueblos frente al Cambio Climático

Climate One

Spotlight on Naomi Klein

November 2015 presentation in austin

Hashtag: #KleinatUT

@LiberalArtsUT @utexasHI @UTglobalinit




Naomi Klein's Vatican alliance


Exeter's first MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) begins on 13th January 2014 on the Open University's FutureLearn platform, and lasts for eight weeks.
The free course is open to absolutely everybody – whether you are a student considering coming to university or are simply interested in learning more about climate change. The course is delivered entirely online covering a different topic each week.

March Climate Week is a supercharged national campaign to inspire a new wave of action on climate change taking place.
#Climateweek @Climate_Week

Live the Deal


Biosequestration is the capture and storage of the atmospheric greenhouse gas carbon dioxide by biological processes.



Doing what's best for the long haul makes a lot of sense.

Inspiring Change Gathering @ Cape Town 11.2011

Ecotourism and Climate Change from Aivar Ruukel on Vimeo.