Constitutional Recognition
Aboriginal and Indigenous Australia

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editing: Aboriginal Australia's expanding coverage of Australia is enhanced by conversations with Aboriginal and Indigenous friends.

Spotlight on Constitutional Recognition


January 26 - Survival Day, Invasion Day, Australia Day

May - June is National Reconciliation Week

June 3 Mabo Day

July 8-15

August Garma
⚡️ #garma2017

September 6 Indigenous Literacy Day (Australia)

Spotlight on Aboriginal and Indigenous Art in Australia

Indigenous Arts Centre Alliance

IACA is the peak body supporting Indigenous art centres across far north Queensland and the Torres Strait.
The Indigenous Art Centre Alliance is the peak body that represents the community-based art and craft centres of far north Queensland.
IACA is supported by Arts Queensland, Backing Indigenous Arts and the Ministry For The Arts, Indigenous Visual Arts Industry support program.
IACA provides high quality services and resources to support the needs and aspirations of its members through:

Advocacy and lobbying
Communication and partnerships
Distributing industry information
Skills development and training opportunities
Building the profile for the distinctive art and cultural practices from far north Queensland
Supporting excellence in art centre practice.
IACA is supported by Arts Queensland and the Ministry For The Arts


indigenous-communities-australia-press-national-voice-despite-setbacks -
How do we know how old the Indigenous Madjedbebe rock shelter is?
Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago - Nature
Our Aussie Rangers
When solutions become the problem
Indigenous corporation wins $65m bailout over Ayers Rock Resort
Indigenous body frustrated by Malcolm Turnbull's 'rhetoric' during tearful NITV interview
Girringun: the trailblazing Indigenous corporation caring for 1.2m hectares of north Queensland
Mixing ancient knowledge with new to understand biodiversity - @CSIROnews
Bundian Way preserves and shares Aboriginal culture
Savings seen in indigenous bodies’ merger - The Australian
Learning an Aboriginal Language – Some Reflections
Beyond the morning star: the real tale of Voyagers' Aboriginal music
Australia's boom is anything but for its Aboriginal people
Lost indigenous language revived in Australia
Changing landscape of Aboriginal and green politics
How to be an ethical traveller in Aboriginal Central Australia
40,000 years old? - Aboriginal rock art depiction of a giant, extinct bird could be Australia's oldest painting.
Who’s Afraid of Marcia Langton?
Concepts of numbers in Indigenous Australian languages changed over time
Australia's outback is globally important for its biodiversity - and its people
Traditional owners, scientists and cat gizzards key to protecting 4.2 million hectares under Kiwirrkurra Indigenous Protected Area agreement

Constitutional Recognition

Closing the Gap 'refresh': Coalition accused of ignoring Indigenous Australians - Guardian

Indigenous communities in Australia press for a national voice despite setbacks - @foomeister

Will constitutional recognition undermine Aboriginal self-determination? - Is constitutional recognition, without a ‘Treaty’, designed to placate of non-Indigenous Australians with the appearance of change?

IndigenousX article regarding our survey on Constitution Recognition

New website shines spotlight issues surrounding Indigenous constitutional recognition - In an effort to broaden the debate from the political sphere to a community grassroots level, the website has arguments for and against recognition—and the process to achieve it.

'PM has broken our hearts': Noel Pearson
Thursday 26 October 2017 The Cape York leader says PM Malcolm Turnbull has broken the "First Nations hearts of this country, by rejecting the Uluru Statement from the Heart."

Government rejects Constitutional Indigenous voice to Parliament
Thursday 26 October 2017

  • The Prime Minister has rejected the idea of an Indigenous voice to Parliament, as requested in the Uluru 'statement from the heart'.

Closing the Gap: 'The priority is structural reform with Constitutional recognition' - With just weeks to go until the Federal Government releases its 10th report on Closing the Gap, Indigenous Australians are raising concerns about potential changes to the strategy.

Recommended listening

Awaye - ABC -

Speaking out

The Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association (CAAMA) began operations in 1980 and was the first Aboriginal group to be allocated a broadcasting license. The Aboriginal people of Central Australia own CAAMA through an association regulated under the Incorporations Act , and its objectives focus on the social, cultural and economic advancement of Aboriginal peoples. It has a clear mandate to promote Aboriginal culture, language, dance, and music while generating economic benefits in the form of training, employment and income generation. CAAMA produces media products that engenders pride in Aboriginal culture, while informing and educating the wider community of the richness and diversity of the Aboriginal peoples of Australia.

Serious whitefella stuff - Mark Moran: When solutions became the problem in Indigenous affairs

65,000 year date for earliest human occupation of Australia - Researchers describe the Madjedbebe rock shelter in Arnhem Land as one of the most significant cultural and archaeological sites in the world — but it's unprotected in a mining lease.

Mabo Day indigenous forum - Will the Uluru Statement translate into genuine progress for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders?

Indigenous star maps and modern highways - A PhD student from the University of New South Wales has discovered striking similarities between Indigenous star maps and Australia's modern highways.

Indigenous tourism: preserving culture and creating jobs - One operator, in Western Australia's south west, is converting the most unlikely of places into a tourism and training venture. outbounding

Indigenous language makes it to the classroom - Community members have been working for years to revive and promote Australia's 250 Indigenous languages. And they recently reached a major milestone when traditional languages were included in the national curriculum and were added as possible Year 11 and 12 subject choices.

Using smartphones to preserve Aboriginal oral story telling - It's a hi-tech and very modern way of preserving an ancient culture.

What's sacred now? - Burrup Peninsula rock carvings are among more than 1,000 sites the WA government has removed or blocked from its Aboriginal heritage register after creating a narrower definition of sacred sites in 2012. The Supreme Court has thrown out those changes, but the government now wants a single public servant to determine sacred sites, as Sarah Dingle reports.

Is Australia big enough for Reconciliation? - Questioning the future of Aboriginal Reconciliation

Unfinished business - It’s been five years since Kevin Rudd’s historic apology to the stolen generations, a moment that seemed for many to herald a new era of justice and reconciliation. But while a process of healing has begun, how much closer are we to real political recognition of the rights of Indigenous people? And are symbolic statements like the apology enough to overcome White Australia’s indifference to calls for greater Aboriginal autonomy?

Celebrating Australia's linguistic diversity on Mother Language Day - There are 145 Aboriginal languages spoken in Australia today, but 110 are listed as 'critically endangered'.

Native Tongue Title - The vast majority of Australia’s Indigenous languages — some 250 are estimated to have existed at the time British colonisation — are no longer in use.

Arnhem Land women welcome tourism to country - Welcome to My Country is a positive tale of cultural richness and learning

Digital age could help save Iwaidja - There are about 100 endangered languages in Australia. But one, Iwaidja, spoken on Croker Island off the Arnhem Land coast in Northern Territory, is doing its best not to be one of them. This language is only spoken by about 200 people but a new smart phone app has just been developed which it is hoped will give the language a new lease of life.

Caring for country - Nearly twenty percent of the Australian continent is indigenous-owned, and managed by those owners to varying degrees. Because of the conservation and other challenges in caring for this country, new partnerships are being forged, between owners, researchers and philanthropic organisations.

Indigenous song language - The Indigenous songs of Australia are regarded as the crown jewels of Aboriginal oral cultures, being a melding of different forms of language – some archaic and some ghostly – as well as of melody, rhythm and myriad other performative elements.

Lingua Franca: The notebooks of William Dawes - William Dawes's two notebooks on the language of the Aboriginal people with whom he conversed during his stay in Sydney in 1788, provide ample indication of the 'puzzlement and wonder that circulated after the indigenous and the incursive cultures collided'

Rock of the ages - Deep in the most inhospitable reaches of the Wollemi National Park north-west of Sydney archaeological survey teams and Aboriginal community members have joined together to map cultural heritage sites in a place described as a world that time forgot.

The two lives of One Pound Jimmy - One Pound Jimmy (real name Gwoja Tjungarrayi) is the ultimate Aboriginal man. His face, his carriage, his profile are deeply embedded in the national consciousness as the blueprint for what an Aboriginal man should look like. In the 1950s, One Pound Jimmy was a million-selling postage stamp ... but the real Gwoja Tjungarrayi lived in a world utterly different from the one invented for him by the tourism trade.

Singing Saltwater Country - At the age of twenty, John Bradley went to teach Aboriginal children in the remote town of Borroloola, on the Gulf of Carpentaria. However, he very soon became the student as the Yanyuwa elders and their families decided to educate him on their language, culture and songlines.

Walking the path together - Anthony Hillin, statewide training co-ordinator for the NSW School-link training program at the New South Wales Institute of Psychiatry, makes a case for scientists and others who want to improve the wellbeing of Aboriginal people to undertake meaningful consultation with Aboriginal stakeholders.

Australia's forgotten war - There is far too little, if any, commemoration of Australia’s war between the settlers and the original inhabitants, historian Henry Reynolds argues. He says that until those conflicts are fully acknowledged, in the same way that our overseas battles have been, reconciliation will never be complete.

Awaye! means 'listen up' in the Arrernte language of central Australia and provides insights into Aboriginal culture.

Encounter: Taking down the fences A story about land clearing, ecological damage and restoration in Western Australia. But it's also a story of physical and spiritual healing that includes whitefellas and the land's original inhabitants - the Noongar people.

Hindsight: Bennelong Sings - The name Bennelong is etched into the minds of most Australians - even if it only reminds you of that iconic strip of land beneath the Sydney Opera House. But how much do we really know about this Wangal man and his turbulent life, or his extraordinary journey to England and back? And how much remains to be told?

Bennelong bicentenary - Dr Keith Vincent Smith joins RN Summer Breakfast to help us understand the importance of commemorating Bennelong's bicentenary.

Identities - ndigenous philosopher Romaine Moreton considers how shadows are cast and we follow the great White Way down some strange byways. Also 'Australian identity' - funny or what?

How Aborigines planned and managed Australia - Bill Gammage has written a new book called, 'The Biggest Estate on Earth' where he argues that Aborigines scientifically managed this continent in ways we've never really understood. Gammage argues that Aborigines used fire to cultivate plants in order to attract particular animals used for food.

Where to now for Constitutional Recognition of Indigenous Australians? Early this year an expert panel reported on how Indigenous Australians should be recognised in the nation’s constitution. It was hoped a referendum would be put to the Australian people at, or by, the next federal election. That now seems unlikely. So, where to now for Indigenous recognition? A special Constitution Day panel discussion.

Australian Indigenous art in New York - A young Indigenous curator is currently overseeing a major exhibition of Australian Indigenous art at the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in the US.

Indigenous owners hoping to protect endangered species in the desert - A large chunk of Western Australia's desert country straddling the famous Canning Stock Route became part of Australia's national reserve system this week.

Aboriginal English - One variety of English that developed in Australia is Aboriginal English which is a distinct indigenous form that rather than being a bastardised kind of Australian English was founded earlier and came into being out of different language needs and components.

Caring for the Soul of the Country - The sound of the digeridu, or Yidaki as it's known in North East Arnhem Land, has been adopted as a symbolic part of Australian culture.

Written on a bark - We travel to north-east Arnhem Land where traditional knowledge is being used to conserve precious historic bark paintings in museum collections.

Aboriginal activism in 2013 - The Aboriginal ‘voice’ seems quieter than in previous decades. But as Ann Arnolddiscovered this NAIDOC week, the lack of a strong national representative body, and the dispersal of Aboriginal policy across government departments, hasn't made life easy for activists.

national indigenous radio service

Meet the Mob

The world's first astronomers
Study shows Aborigines understood eclipses

Indigenous star knowledge - Indigenous star knowledge through a scientist's’ eyes

Aboriginal astronomy - Ray Norris from the CSIRO Australia Telescope National Facility, together with his wife Cilla, has written a book called Emu Dreaming - An Introduction to Australian Aboriginal Astronomy. In this talk he tells us about Aboriginal Australians' amazing depths of knowledge about the sky.

Aboriginal astronomers: world's oldest? - Stephen Gilchrist, indigenous art curator at Melbourne’s National Gallery of Victoria, is spreading the message. He recently mounted an exhibition called Shared Sky featuring works by artists depicting Australia’s night sky. “Aboriginal ancestral narratives aren’t just about the land – they’re also about the sun, the moon and the stars,” Stephen, from WA’s Inggarda language group, explains. “Indigenous people have a very holistic understanding of the universe. It doesn’t just stop at the horizon.”

New representative body for Indigenous Australians

Indigenous land councils - download

Indigenous students create their own podcast featuring Warlpiri language
Rediscovering the lost languages of Australia

Recommended viewing

first australians - Produced by Australia's leading Aboriginal filmmakers, this astonishing series chronicles the birth of a country and the collision of two worlds. It's an epic story that comes alive through the struggles of individuals, both black and white. Beautifully filmed, the series blends landscape, art, interviews and first-hand accounts with a vast archival collection to present the birth of contemporary Australia as never seen before, from the perspective of its first people - the first Australians. (Geoblocked outside of Australia)

Biodiversity and Indigenous Peoples in Australia - To raise awareness of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and to promote effective participation by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in CBD processes. Prepared by the Foundation for Aboriginal and Islander Research Action (FAIRA), in partnership with the CBD Alliance, with funding from SwedBio.
Filmed and edited by Damien Curtis & Sinem Saban (2010)

Judgement Day - Four Corners - Liz Jackson reports on the impact of this historic judgement, the reaction it inspired and the inside story of the negotiations to create the law that would pave the way for Native Title. We hear from the power brokers who forced the nation to confront its history, and their critics. Related: The Drum



First Footprints

National Indigenous Television

Indigenous free to air television to be launched at Uluru
The National Indigenous Television channel will begin broadcasting from midday today. It's the first national dedicated Aboriginal television service and it's being launched with a special day of programming live from Uluru.
NITV | National Indigenous Television


AWAYE! - RSS text feed


    South Australian Aboriginal Education & Training Consultative Body



    Flickr Groups





    bookabee tours
    Kakadu Culture Camp
    Dreaming as one

    itbw award

    Guurrbi Tours (2009 winner)
    Brambuk National Park and Cultural Centre (2010 finalist)
    Kakadu Culture Camp (2010 finalist)

    Elsewhere on the Web

    Hagen's First Nations Telegraph - @FNTelegraph -

    Deadly Awards
    Kevin Rudd Apology (MP3)
    From Little Things Big Things Grow
    Directory of Aborignal Art
    Directory of tourism operators
    Aboriginal Songlines - @Songlines_au
    The Long Walk
    National Indigenous Times
    Koori Mail
    Indigenous Business Australia
    Indigenous Tourism Australia
    Indigenous Land Corporation
    The Gurindji Strike - ABC
    North Australian Indigenous Land and Sea Management Alliance
    Western Australian Indigenous Tourism Operators Committee
    Re: Conversation with Marcus Endicott - Green-travel - @marcialangton
    The Little Red Yellow Black Book - an introduction to indigenous Australia by Bruce Pascoe
    "This book is perfect for people who want to know more about Indigenous culture but don’t know where to start; for cross cultural training, for tourists, for reconciliation groups and within education."
    Australian Indigenous tourism lagging - @FPDNAus - @IndigenousLF

    Aboriginal (mainland) and Torres Strait Islander - AIATSIS

    Older Headlines

    Cultural warriors - The News
    Aboriginal tourism targets Europe - The Australian
    The problem with having an Indigenous cultural experience - Crickey
    Catching the secret new wave - The Age
    Ecotourism and Aboriginal Tourism - Ewire
    The new face of Aboriginal tourism - National Indigenous Times
    Western Australian Indigenous Tourism Operators Committee
    Indigenous Tourism Research Agenda (PDF)
    IndigiTUBE is a website only featuring content uploaded by Indigenous users.

    Indigenous Advancement Strategy
    PDF 1.1 MB

    Aboriginal Arts Funding Cuts

    Indigenous Tourism

    Indigenous Tourism - Tourism Australia
    Aboriginal Tourism Australia
    National Landscapes


    Tourism and Indigenous Australia


    Holding our tongues - Australia has the highest rate of language extinction on the planet: that's according to UNESCO who says language diversity is—like species diversity—rapidly declining. And once a language is gone, can it really be brought back to life? Holding our tongues is a Hindsight project about the long and painful task of reviving Aboriginal languages. Find out more...

    Federation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages (FATSIL)
    Aboriginal revival languages
    Aboriginal Languages of Australia


    National Indigenous Music Awards


    ATA Symposium


    Aboriginal Australia - In Australia collaborated with Aboriginal Tourism Australia in developing marketing strategies for aboriginal tour operators. We participated in the 2007 Business Development Symposium, a powerful capacity building training seminar.

    Tourism and Indigneous People

    No part of Australia was terra nullius, empty land.

    Closing the Climb

    To climb or not to climb? That's the moral dilemma that confronts tourists when they get to Australia's biggest cultural icon - Uluru. The large monolith stands in the middle of central Australia, and every year thousands of tourists make the pilgrimmage to see this spectacle in the desert.

    About a third of the tourists who come to the National Park decide to climb Uluru. But now moves are afoot to close the climb and not everyone is happy, including the Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, who says it should remain open for people to make their own choice.

    But why do people want to climb the rock? And why do Traditional Owners consider it offensive? These are all questions that Nicole Lee put to tourists and Park Management when she went to Uluru earlier this week.

    In this report: Andrew Simpson, CEO of Anangu Tours, the only Aboriginal Run tour company to conduct tours around Uluru; tourists; Peter Cochrane, Director of National Parks and is on the board of management of the Uluru- Kata Tjuta National Park; Dino Magris, general manager of experiencial tourism development at APT

    Indigenous Protected Areas

    Indigenous Protected Areas were established in 1997 and aim to protect some of Australia's unique environments. IPA is an area of land or sea voluntarily declared by traditional owners and managed primarily for cultural and biological conservation. There are 51 IPAs in 2012.

    Indigenous Protected Areas - Indigenous Australians have managed their country for tens of thousands of years. An Indigenous Protected Area is an area of Indigenous-owned land or sea where traditional owners have entered into an agreement with the Australian Government to promote biodiversity and cultural resource conservation. Indigenous Protected Areas make a significant contribution to Australian biodiversity conservation - making over 23 percent of Australia's National Reserve System.

    Each declared Indigenous Protected Area is actively managed by its Indigenous owners, who protect their land's plants, animals and cultural sites. The rangers work to control weeds, feral animals and wildfire, and carefully manage visitor impacts.

    Indigenous Protected Areas Map July 2016


    If we don't engage in constructing a new framework then we will find ourselves unprepared for dealing with complex, difficult, challenging issues.
    - Patrick Dodson




    Australian Indigenous Seasons Calendars


    Stolen Wages - Creative Spirits

    Sorry Speech


    If we don't all prosper together, then nothing will be achieved.
    - Eels, Stone Houses and National Heritage

    Rock Art
    Australia has more than 100,000 registered rock art sites, more than any other continent in the world. The art itself is also the oldest depiction of humans in the world.

    Rock art with Aboriginal Elder Willie Gordon

    Aboriginal Flag

    The Australian Aboriginal Flag was designed by artist Harold Thomas and first flown at Victoria Square in Adelaide, South Australia, on National Aborigines Day, 12 July 1971. It became the official flag for the Aboriginal Tent Embassy in Canberra after it was first flown there in 1972. Since then, it has become a widely recognised symbol of the unity and identity of Aboriginal people. In view of the flag’s wide acceptance and importance in Australian society, the Commonwealth took steps in 1994 to give the flag legal recognition. After a period of public consultation, in July 1995 the Aboriginal flag was proclaimed a ‘Flag of Australia’ under the Flags Act 1953. In 1997 the Federal Court recognised Harold Thomas as the author of the flag.


    Bell's Theorem: Aboriginal Art–It's a White Thing

    November 2012 - November 2013 Warakurna: All the Stories Got into our Minds and Eyes is an exhibition of contemporary paintings and sculptures that document a new art movement emerging from the Western Desert community of Warakurna.
    National Museum of Australia, Canberra


    Australia has the highest level of language extinction in the world, the languages that are on the brink of bing lost are some of the oldest languages in the world.

    [|Learning Indigenous Language at School]] (mp3, 3.42mb)
    Traditional Knowledge Revival Pathways

    Respecting Our Culture

    In late 2008, when Aboriginal Tourism Australia closed down, Ecotourism Australia Limited agreed to take over the Respecting Our Culture Certification Program and incorporate its key principles into our Eco Certification program. This program recognizes that tourism must promote the value of quality interpretation and that it involves different cultures, particularly cultures indigenous to the areas visited. All tourism areas have significant cultural values; tourism activities should respect, embrace and present the cultural attributes of areas visited. The ROC components of the Eco Certification program are intended to encourage all operators of our Certified Ecotourism products to enrich those products by engaging respectfully and sensitively with indigenous people and their cultures wherever they operate.

    National Indigenous Calendar

    View the Calendar

    Deborah Rose on indigenous and Western understandings of nature. ACU National
    Deborah Rose discusses indigenous and Western understandings of nature through the exploration of a seminal story from each of these two radically different cultural spheres.

    Indigenous tourism must improve, says industry
    A Tourism Research Australia report, released today, interviewed 288 visitors to the Northern Territory last year and found both international and interstate visitors had major issues in finding out where to meet and interact with Aboriginal people.

    The Apology

    Destination Visitor Survey
    In 2006-07, Tourism NT and Tourism Research Australia commissioned Nielsen Research to undertake a series
    of Destination Visitor Survey projects across the Northern Territory (NT).
    The results from these projects highlighted areas requiring further investigation, particularly in respect to
    visitor experiences and expectations of Indigenous culture. Between May and October 2007 respondents from
    the original destination surveys were recontacted and invited to participate in either an in-depth qualitative
    interview or detailed quantitative online survey.
    In total 288 online surveys were completed and 12 in-depth interviews were obtained. Respondents were from
    the following four visitor groups:
    • international backpackers
    • international non-backpackers
    • interstate fly-in visitors, and
    • interstate self-drive visitors.
    • The majority of respondents (76%) reported seeking information about Aboriginal people and culture prior
    to travelling to the NT which was usually available. Information on ‘how to visit an Aboriginal Community’
    was less easy to find compared to most other information sort by respondents.. The internet and travel
    guide books were the most popular sources of information prior to travel, with word of mouth also
    rating highly.
    • Interestingly, a larger number of respondents (84%) sought information on Aboriginal people and culture
    during their trip. This indicates that providing information at the destination is critical. The most popular
    source of information while travelling were Visitor Information Centres followed by Local Visitor Guides.
    • The respondents had a high level of interest in Indigenous people. Nine out of ten respondents (91%)
    expected to meet and interact with Aboriginal people when visiting the NT.
    • Most of the respondents (77%) stated it was important for them to meet and interact with Aboriginal
    people when visiting the NT. International visitors placed greater importance on this activity than
    domestic visitors.
    • Of those respondents who rated the opportunity to meet and interact with Aboriginal people as important,
    73% were ‘satisfied’ with their experience while 27% were ‘dissatisfied’.
    • The top experiences which respondents were ‘satisfied’ with were: ‘Visiting a museum/cultural centre’;
    ‘Listening to an Aboriginal Guide explain methods of hunting, fishing and survival’; and ‘Observing
    Aboriginal art and paintings and reading the story behind the art’.
    • The top experiences which respondents were ‘dissatisfied’ with include: ‘Experiencing Indigenous health
    and wellbeing’; ‘A tour of an Aboriginal community’; and ‘Learning and participating in the preparation of
    Aboriginal foods’.
    • Visitors expect to experience an ‘All encompassing’ Aboriginal cultural experience that is authentic and
    genuine. That is. ‘To visit Aboriginal land and meet local communities’ and ‘To see Aboriginals in their
    traditional settings’.
    • Visitor information from television, books and past experiences in other cultural tourism destinations
    strongly influence the expectations of travellers to the NT.
    • International visitors are much more likely to have used books to form expectations regarding interacting
    with Aboriginal people compared to domestic travellers.
    • Despite extensive information searches prior to travel, the ‘lack of information in knowing where to go to
    meet and interact with Aboriginal people’ was a major issue.
    • Other notable issues include: the ‘remoteness of Aboriginal communities’; and the lack of ‘personal
    confidence with Aboriginal people’.
    • International backpackers expressed a higher level of anxiety over interacting with Aboriginal people than
    did international non backpackers or domestic visitors.
    • Aspects of Indigenous culture that were of most interest to the respondents included: ‘observing Aboriginal
    art and paintings and reading the story behind the art’; followed by ‘visiting a museum/cultural centre’; and
    ‘learning about the Aboriginal belief system and their relationship with the land’.
    • The most common cultural activities experienced by the respondents were: visiting a museum/cultural
    centre (82%), followed by observing Aboriginal art and paintings and reading the story behind the art (74%).
    • About half of the visitors interviewed engaged in ‘learning about the Aboriginal belief systems and their
    relationship with the land’, and ‘hearing stories and legends of Aboriginal culture’.
    • Overall International visitors particularly expressed interest in ‘a tour to an Aboriginal community’. This
    provides a potential area of opportunity to develop additional Indigenous experiences.
    • Another potential area of opportunity for both domestic and international visitors was indentified through
    high levels of interest in having an Aboriginal guide explain Indigenous methods of hunting, fishing
    and survival.
    • Overall, there were relatively high levels of satisfaction with individual Aboriginal cultural experiences and
    the experiences with the highest satisfaction levels were those that were of most interest to tourists.
    • The most satisfying cultural activity was ‘listening to an Aboriginal guide explain their methods of hunting,
    fishing and survival’. In contrast; ‘experiencing Indigenous health and wellbeing’ had the highest level
    of dissatisfaction.
    • Overall visitors identified the issue of alcohol abuse and social problems in Aboriginal communities as the
    main negative cultural experience.
    • Overall, visitors typically identified interacting with Indigenous people as their best cultural experience.
    These included taking part in an Aboriginal guided tour, a guided walk around Uluru, followed by, meeting
    and speaking with local Aboriginal people. Other notable highlights include visiting Kakadu National Park,
    and learning about and seeing Aboriginal customs, history and traditions.
    Indigenous Business Australia (IBA)
    Indigenous Enterprise Partnerships

    Bush Telegraph, July 4, 2008
    As debate continues around the country about the way forward for Indigenous communities, the need for economic independence and the ability to operate in the mainstream economy is often high up on the list. A new inquiry by the federal House of Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs is looking at ways to encourage the development of small businesses and enterprises among Indigenous communities and by individuals themselves. The inquiry is calling for submissions until July 18 and the committee will be travelling around the country to hear some of the success stories. In this report: Richard Marles, federal member for Corio and chair of the House of Representatives standing committee into indigenous enterprises; Lyn Snailham, director of corporate Partnerships, Indigenous Enterprise Partnerships; Gina Castelain, director of the Aurukun Wetland Charters and a Wik woman from Aurukun on the Cape York Peninsula; Willie Gordon from Guurrbi Tours in Hope Vale (Indigenous enterprises, Audio)

    Richard Marles, federal member for Corio and chair of the House of Representatives standing committee into indigenous enterprises: It's a key to economic independence, it's key to moving off welfare. There is a plethora of programs out there. That might be part of the issue. I don't know to what extent people find it easy to engage in the federal bureaucracy and state governments when seeking support for starting a new business.

    Linn Stallman, Indigenous Enterprise Partnerships: There's absolutely no shortage of bright ideas in indigenous communities ... but there is a lack of experience in knowing how to run a business. People have not grown up surrounded with lots of models of good business.

    Inquiry into developing Indigenous enterprises - Parliament of Australia

    Developing Indigenous enterprises - the road to economic independence (PDF 31KB)

    Strategies to develop Indigenous enterprises are the focus of a new inquiry by the House of
    Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs.

    While the Indigenous unemployment rate fell from 20% to 16% between 2001 and 2006,
    unemployment for Indigenous Australians remains more than three times the non-Indigenous
    unemployment rate.

    The Chair of the Committee, Richard Marles MP said “Developing Indigenous enterprises can
    reduce unemployment rates and assist communities in achieving economic independence. As
    well as providing employment, successful Indigenous businesses and enterprises can develop
    ideas and skills and provide role models for others.”

    He added “Indigenous enterprises can enable Indigenous communities in all locations from
    Sydney to Kununurra to take advantage of emerging economic opportunities. The Committee is
    interested in looking at programs and models of assistance which have been successful, both
    here and overseas.”

    The Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs has asked the
    Committee to inquire into and report on opportunities for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
    people to grow small and medium-sized business. This includes Indigenous controlled
    enterprises and businesses where Indigenous people are joint venture partners. In particular
    the Committee will focus on:

    - whether current government, industry and community programs offering specific
    enterprise support programs and services to Indigenous enterprises are effective,
    particularly in building sustainable relationships with the broader business sector;
    - identifying areas of Indigenous commercial advantage and strength;
    - the feasibility of adapting the US minority business/development council model to the
    Australian context; and
    - whether incentives should be provided to encourage successful businesses to subcontract, do business with or mentor new Indigenous enterprises.

    The Committee is particularly interested in exploring whether the model of a minority business/development council model would assist in the development of Indigenous enterprises in Australia

    Australian Employment Covenant

    It's an historic day for indigenous Australians, with great fanfare surrounding the announcement in Sydney of a plan to get a 50-thousand Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders into work. It's the pet project of mining entrepreneur Andrew Forrest - sometimes dubbed Australia's richest man. He declared back in August that he wanted to se up the most ambitious job creation project in the nation's history, and today at Sydney's Kirribilli House that plan was unveiled.,25197,24576436-5013172,00.html,25197,24549088-601,00.html


    You cannot do good things to Aboriginal people. You can only do good things with Aboriginal people.


    This website may contain images and voices of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who have passed away


    What do you call a boomerang that doesn't come back?
    A stick.

    Land Councils As the State’s peak representative body in Aboriginal Affairs, the NSW Aboriginal Land Council aims to protect the interests and further the aspirations of its members and the broader Aboriginal community. This site provides up-to-date information on the objectives, services and activities of the NSWALC and its members and information on issues affecting Aboriginal people in NSW and around Australia.

    Anindilyakwa Land Council (ALC)
    The Anindilyakwa Land Council (ALC) is responsible for activities within the Groote Eylandt archipelago such as land visitation by non-Indigenous people, illegal entry to lands, issuing of permits for visitation rights, ranger inspections and other daily management issues.
    Central Land Council (CLC)
    The Central Land Council is an Australian Government statutory authority covering an area of 750,000 square kilometres in the southern half of the Northern Territory. Approximately 24,000 Aboriginal people live in the CLC's region and speak more than 15 different languages.
    Northern land council (NLC)
    The Northern Land Council represents traditional Aboriginal landowners and Aboriginal people in the Top End of the Northern Territory of Australia.
    NSW Aboriginal Land Council
    The NSW Aboriginal Land Council aims to protect the interests and further the aspirations of its members and the broader Aboriginal community.
    Tiwi Land Council
    The Tiwi Land Council is an Australian Government statutory authority covering an area of 780,000 hectares of Bathurst and Melville Islands.

    Land Corporation


    Indigenous Australians
    Redfern Aboriginal Australia Speech

    National Congress of Australia's First Peoples


    "I think we need to change the conversation. It is always so negative. I would prefer more celebration of the wonderful aspects of Indigenous culture and more acknowledgement for the real treasures like Willie Gordon. I would also like Nothern Australia to adopt indigenous seasons. Wet Season and Dry season is not as accurate as theirs. I would love to see more affordable art and investment in a more mainstream cultural injection to be shared by all Australians. More movies like Bran Nue Day and loads more fun with the Indigenous. Instead of how much some drink how about how so few of them drink? Far fewer than whites. They have a great sense of humour. It is always negative, little wonder their self esteem is beaten to pieces. Change the conservation, it may serve white guilt but does nothing for these wonderful people."
    Cairns - January 18, 2010, 6:25PM pinion/society-and-culture /apologies-made-time-for-a ction-20100117-me8i.html

    Recent Events

    July 7-14 NAIDOC Week
    NAIDOC (the National Aboriginal Islander Day Observance Committee) Week is an Australian observance lasting from the first Sunday in July until the following Sunday.

    NAIDOC Week celebrates the history, culture and achievements of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, not only in Indigenous communities, but by Australians from all walks of life.

    National NAIDOC on Facebook
    NAIDOC Week celebrations are held across Australia each July to celebrate the history, culture and achievements of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. NAIDOC is celebrated not only in Indigenous communities, but by Australians from all walks of life. The week is a great opportunity to participate in a range of activities and to support your local Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community. NAIDOC originally stood for ‘National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee’. This committee was once responsible for organising national activities during NAIDOC Week and its acronym has since become the name of the week itself.

    July 21 The Mabo Oration 2013
    Aboriginal Sovereignty - Redefining native title as the inalienable right to hold and develop our lands, territories and resources.
    Join speaker Les Malezer, co-chair of the National Congress of Australia's First People, to pay tribute to the work of Eddie Mabo and examine current issues facing Australia's First Nations' Peoples. Les Malezer is from the Butchulla/Gubbi Gubbi peoples in southeast Queensland. He has extensive experience in campaigning for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander rights and has represented community interests at local, state, national and international levels. In 2008 he won the Australian Human Rights Award and his contribution to coordinating Indigenous Peoples' advocacy for the adoption of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples by the UN General Assembly is well known and respected.

    February 13 Heal our past, Build our future
    5th anniversary of the Apology to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Healing our Past, Building our Future celebrates the contribution people, organisations and communities have made to healing since the Apology.

    October 12 Radio National presents the 2012 Indigenous Goverance Awards - RN, in association with Reconciliation Australia will celebrate and promote Indigenous-led projects and organisations at the 2012 Indigenous Governance Awards.

    August 16-17, Sydney
    Developing Indigenous Business and Entrepreneurship conference


    New data released today by Tourism Research Australia highlights the need to regear Australia’s Indigenous tourism industry towards emerging growth markets to make up for a continuing decline in visitors from traditional markets.
    The Snapshots 2011: Indigenous Tourism Visitors in Australia has been released on the opening day of the Australian Indigenous Tourism Conference in Perth and looks at the travel and spending habits of domestic and international visitors who took part in at least one Indigenous activity, such as a visit to an Aboriginal site or performance, in 2010.
    The snapshot found that spending by tourists undertaking indigenous activities was worth $3.8 billion in 2010. There were 689,000 international Indigenous tourism visitors, a 2.9 per cent fall on 2009. There were 306,000 domestic overnight Indigenous tourism trips, a 17 per cent decline on 2009.
    Snapshots 2011 - Indigenous Tourism Visitors in Australia is at

    Snapshots 2011: Indigenous tourism visitors in Australia [external image icpdf.gifPDF, 2MB | external image icdoc.gifDOC, 834KB]


    Awaken”, a half hour current affairs panel show, draws the great thinkers and newsmakers to challenge and provoke and chart a new path to greater awareness and understanding of Indigenous Australia.

    Dadirri = Deep listening to the land

    CBD - Biodiversity and Indigenous Peoples in Australia from damien curtis on Vimeo.

    Video streaming by Ustream

    Kylie Farmer: Keep our languages alive


    Colin Jones
    also see: Nyungar


    Aboriginal Tourism Australia Web Seminar, 2006